Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease distinguished by an excessive proliferation and abnormal differentiation of keratinocytes. Immune cells, such as T lymphocytes and neutro-phils, and inflammatory cytokines, such as Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 17 (IL-17), are essential for maintaining psoriatic lesions. Additionally, a hypoxic milieu present in the skin promotes the expression of transcriptional factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α). This protein regulates the expression of angiogenic and glycolytic factors, such as vascular endothelial grown factor and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), both relevant in chronic inflammation. The von Hippel–Lindau protein (pVHL) is a negative regulator of HIF-1α. Previously, we found that pVHL was almost absent in the lesions of psoriasis patients; therefore, we investigated the impact of rescue pVHL expression in lesional skin. We used the imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mouse model as an adenoviral vector that allowed us to express pVHL in the skin. Our data show that, in lesional skin, pVHL expression was reduced, whereas HIF-1α was increased. Remarkably, the retrieval of pVHL prevented psoriatic lesions, diminishing erythema, scale, and epidermal and vascular thickness. Furthermore, pVHL expression was capable of reducing HIF-1α, LDH, TNF-α and immune cell infiltration (mainly IL-17+ neutrophils). In conclusion, our results demonstrate that pVHL has a protective role to play in the pathophysiology of psoriasis.