Tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel with reduced friction coefficient and enhanced wear resistance

Enrique Hernández-Sánchez, Julio C. Velázquez, José L. Castrejón-Flores, Alexis Chino-Ulloa, Itzel P. Torres Avila, Rafael Carrera-Espinoza, Jorge A. Yescas-Hernández, Carlos Orozco-Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

©2018 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials. This study evaluates the tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel. The treatment time was set to 2, 4, and 6 h at temperatures of 850, 900, and 950°C for each time duration. The morphology and microstructure of the boride layers were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The mechanical properties were evaluated by an instrumented nanoindentation test. The tribological behaviors of the layers were evaluated using a sand/rubber apparatus following the ASTM G-65 standard. The friction coefficient of the boride layers was estimated by means of the tribological pin-on-disk test. The results show that the experimental parameters had a clear influence on the thickness of the boride layers and on their mechanical properties. The volume loss was established in the range of 0.0741 « 0.011 µg to 1.6148 « 0.150 µg. Wear mechanisms such as adhesion and micro-fatigue were mainly observed in the samples exposed for 6 h at 950°C. Finally, the friction coefficient was reduced from 0.7 for the as-received material down to 0.29 for the borided samples. The wear mechanisms were discussed as a function of the scanning electron microscopy observations. It is possible to conclude that single-phase layers of Fe 2 B are more apt to face wear than the FeB/Fe 2 B biphasic layers. [doi:10.2320/matertrans.M2018282]
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)156-164
Number of pages139
JournalMaterials Transactions
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Boron Compounds
Borides
Friction
Steel
wear resistance
coefficient of friction
Wear resistance
Wear of materials
steels
Electron Scanning Microscopy
borides
Mechanical properties
Scanning electron microscopy
Rubber
Nanoindentation
X-Ray Diffraction
Fatigue
Japan
Sand
Adhesion

Cite this

Hernández-Sánchez, Enrique ; Velázquez, Julio C. ; Castrejón-Flores, José L. ; Chino-Ulloa, Alexis ; Torres Avila, Itzel P. ; Carrera-Espinoza, Rafael ; Yescas-Hernández, Jorge A. ; Orozco-Alvarez, Carlos. / Tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel with reduced friction coefficient and enhanced wear resistance. In: Materials Transactions. 2019 ; pp. 156-164.
@article{4e1baf114cd74d5a90c48b72afcb2b3a,
title = "Tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel with reduced friction coefficient and enhanced wear resistance",
abstract = "{\circledC}2018 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials. This study evaluates the tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel. The treatment time was set to 2, 4, and 6 h at temperatures of 850, 900, and 950°C for each time duration. The morphology and microstructure of the boride layers were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The mechanical properties were evaluated by an instrumented nanoindentation test. The tribological behaviors of the layers were evaluated using a sand/rubber apparatus following the ASTM G-65 standard. The friction coefficient of the boride layers was estimated by means of the tribological pin-on-disk test. The results show that the experimental parameters had a clear influence on the thickness of the boride layers and on their mechanical properties. The volume loss was established in the range of 0.0741 « 0.011 µg to 1.6148 « 0.150 µg. Wear mechanisms such as adhesion and micro-fatigue were mainly observed in the samples exposed for 6 h at 950°C. Finally, the friction coefficient was reduced from 0.7 for the as-received material down to 0.29 for the borided samples. The wear mechanisms were discussed as a function of the scanning electron microscopy observations. It is possible to conclude that single-phase layers of Fe 2 B are more apt to face wear than the FeB/Fe 2 B biphasic layers. [doi:10.2320/matertrans.M2018282]",
author = "Enrique Hern{\'a}ndez-S{\'a}nchez and Vel{\'a}zquez, {Julio C.} and Castrej{\'o}n-Flores, {Jos{\'e} L.} and Alexis Chino-Ulloa and {Torres Avila}, {Itzel P.} and Rafael Carrera-Espinoza and Yescas-Hern{\'a}ndez, {Jorge A.} and Carlos Orozco-Alvarez",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2320/matertrans.M2018282",
language = "American English",
pages = "156--164",
journal = "Materials Transactions",
issn = "1345-9678",
publisher = "Japan Institute of Metals (JIM)",

}

Tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel with reduced friction coefficient and enhanced wear resistance. / Hernández-Sánchez, Enrique; Velázquez, Julio C.; Castrejón-Flores, José L.; Chino-Ulloa, Alexis; Torres Avila, Itzel P.; Carrera-Espinoza, Rafael; Yescas-Hernández, Jorge A.; Orozco-Alvarez, Carlos.

In: Materials Transactions, 01.01.2019, p. 156-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel with reduced friction coefficient and enhanced wear resistance

AU - Hernández-Sánchez, Enrique

AU - Velázquez, Julio C.

AU - Castrejón-Flores, José L.

AU - Chino-Ulloa, Alexis

AU - Torres Avila, Itzel P.

AU - Carrera-Espinoza, Rafael

AU - Yescas-Hernández, Jorge A.

AU - Orozco-Alvarez, Carlos

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - ©2018 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials. This study evaluates the tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel. The treatment time was set to 2, 4, and 6 h at temperatures of 850, 900, and 950°C for each time duration. The morphology and microstructure of the boride layers were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The mechanical properties were evaluated by an instrumented nanoindentation test. The tribological behaviors of the layers were evaluated using a sand/rubber apparatus following the ASTM G-65 standard. The friction coefficient of the boride layers was estimated by means of the tribological pin-on-disk test. The results show that the experimental parameters had a clear influence on the thickness of the boride layers and on their mechanical properties. The volume loss was established in the range of 0.0741 « 0.011 µg to 1.6148 « 0.150 µg. Wear mechanisms such as adhesion and micro-fatigue were mainly observed in the samples exposed for 6 h at 950°C. Finally, the friction coefficient was reduced from 0.7 for the as-received material down to 0.29 for the borided samples. The wear mechanisms were discussed as a function of the scanning electron microscopy observations. It is possible to conclude that single-phase layers of Fe 2 B are more apt to face wear than the FeB/Fe 2 B biphasic layers. [doi:10.2320/matertrans.M2018282]

AB - ©2018 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials. This study evaluates the tribological behavior of borided AISI 316L steel. The treatment time was set to 2, 4, and 6 h at temperatures of 850, 900, and 950°C for each time duration. The morphology and microstructure of the boride layers were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The mechanical properties were evaluated by an instrumented nanoindentation test. The tribological behaviors of the layers were evaluated using a sand/rubber apparatus following the ASTM G-65 standard. The friction coefficient of the boride layers was estimated by means of the tribological pin-on-disk test. The results show that the experimental parameters had a clear influence on the thickness of the boride layers and on their mechanical properties. The volume loss was established in the range of 0.0741 « 0.011 µg to 1.6148 « 0.150 µg. Wear mechanisms such as adhesion and micro-fatigue were mainly observed in the samples exposed for 6 h at 950°C. Finally, the friction coefficient was reduced from 0.7 for the as-received material down to 0.29 for the borided samples. The wear mechanisms were discussed as a function of the scanning electron microscopy observations. It is possible to conclude that single-phase layers of Fe 2 B are more apt to face wear than the FeB/Fe 2 B biphasic layers. [doi:10.2320/matertrans.M2018282]

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85062391303&origin=inward

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85062391303&origin=inward

U2 - 10.2320/matertrans.M2018282

DO - 10.2320/matertrans.M2018282

M3 - Article

SP - 156

EP - 164

JO - Materials Transactions

JF - Materials Transactions

SN - 1345-9678

ER -