Therapeutic Patient Education with Learning Objects Improves Asthma Control in Mexican Children

C. L. Martínez-González, M. C.C. Camargo-Fajardo, P. Segura-Medina, P. Quezada-Bolaños

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. One of the most common chronic diseases that causes missed school days and workdays is pediatric asthma, producing education, health and economic delays in low and middle-income countries. A patient-centered remarkable therapeutic strategy in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases is the Therapeutic Patient Education (TPE) which denotes an outstanding difference in the outcomes, from the awareness, to the personal treatment adaption to prevent crises. In this paper, an intervention of TPE with learning objects (LOs) of a pediatric asthma course, designed to train the uncontrolled patient and the caregiver as a team on the specific knowledge to self-control the disease, was carried out at a health facility in Mexico. The Asthma Control Test (ACT) was used and the learning performance was evaluated with formative quizzes. A randomized controlled trial was designed, with pairs of children patients and caregivers during 60 days; the control group was trained with the usual approach, receiving general information about the disease. ACT measures showed statistical significance for the TPE group after the use of the LOs, achieving a controlled state, while the control group did not show difference. Also, the intervention group obtained a higher score in learning performance assessment. The users learned how to avoid risks, the personal triggers of the patient, how to correctly use the different treatments and accessories, consequently, they learned how to self-manage the disease. Our study also confirmed that control of asthma is not only a matter of knowledge, but financial issues to afford the treatment.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Medical Systems
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020

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