Spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of Aloysia triphylla and citral, in vitro and in vivo studies

Héctor Ponce-Monter, Eduardo Fernández-Martínez, Mario I. Ortiz, Martha L. Ramírez-Montiel, Delia Cruz-Elizalde, Nury Pérez-Hernández, Raquel Cariño-Cortés

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aloysia triphylla is traditionally utilized for the treatment of menstrual colic (primary dysmenorrhea) in Mexico. Citral is the main chemical component found in Aloysia triphylla leaves extract. Primary dysmenorrhea is a very frequent gynecological disorder in menstruating women, affecting 30-60% of them. It is usually treated with non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); although their effect is rapid, they possess many side effects. Due to these shortcomings, Mexican folk therapy is considered as a feasible alternative. The effects of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla and citral on uterine contractions were evaluated in vitro as well as their anti-inflammatory properties and gastric wound capabilities were assessed in vivo. The inhibitory effects on the contractions were analyzed using isolated uterus strips from estrogen primed rats. Contractions were induced by KCl 60 mM, oxytocin 10 mIU/mL, charbacol 10 μM and PGF2a 5 μM. The anti-inflammatory effect was assessed on carrageenan-induced rat hind paw edema model. The inhibitory concentration-50 (IC50) of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla upon each contractile response was for KCl 44.73 ± 2.48/μg/mL, oxytocin 42.16 ± 3.81/μg/mL, charbacol 41.87 ± 1.73/μg/mL and PGF2α 28.70 ± 2.40/μg/mL in a concentration-dependent way. The extract of Aloysia triphylla produced a significant inhibitory effect on PGF2c-induced contraction compared to its inhibitory actions on the others. Citral exhibited the same inhibitory effect on the contraction induced by PGF2α. The oral administration of the extract (100-800 mg/kg) and citral (100-800 mg/kg) showed anti-inflammatory activity; furthermore, the maximal dose utilized did not produce gastric injury. These results were compared with anti-inflammatory effects and gastric damage produced by 30 mg/kg of indomethacin p.o. The spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects support the traditional use of Aloysia triphylla leaves in the treatment of the primary dysmenorrhea in Mexican communities.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)309-319
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Smooth Muscle Research
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2010

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citral
Parasympatholytics
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Dysmenorrhea
Stomach
Dinoprost
Hexanes
Oxytocin
Uterine Contraction
Colic
Carrageenan
Wounds and Injuries
Mexico
Indomethacin
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Uterus
Oral Administration
In Vitro Techniques
Edema
Estrogens

Cite this

Ponce-Monter, H., Fernández-Martínez, E., Ortiz, M. I., Ramírez-Montiel, M. L., Cruz-Elizalde, D., Pérez-Hernández, N., & Cariño-Cortés, R. (2010). Spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of Aloysia triphylla and citral, in vitro and in vivo studies. Journal of Smooth Muscle Research, 309-319. https://doi.org/10.1540/jsmr.46.309
Ponce-Monter, Héctor ; Fernández-Martínez, Eduardo ; Ortiz, Mario I. ; Ramírez-Montiel, Martha L. ; Cruz-Elizalde, Delia ; Pérez-Hernández, Nury ; Cariño-Cortés, Raquel. / Spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of Aloysia triphylla and citral, in vitro and in vivo studies. In: Journal of Smooth Muscle Research. 2010 ; pp. 309-319.
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abstract = "Aloysia triphylla is traditionally utilized for the treatment of menstrual colic (primary dysmenorrhea) in Mexico. Citral is the main chemical component found in Aloysia triphylla leaves extract. Primary dysmenorrhea is a very frequent gynecological disorder in menstruating women, affecting 30-60{\%} of them. It is usually treated with non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); although their effect is rapid, they possess many side effects. Due to these shortcomings, Mexican folk therapy is considered as a feasible alternative. The effects of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla and citral on uterine contractions were evaluated in vitro as well as their anti-inflammatory properties and gastric wound capabilities were assessed in vivo. The inhibitory effects on the contractions were analyzed using isolated uterus strips from estrogen primed rats. Contractions were induced by KCl 60 mM, oxytocin 10 mIU/mL, charbacol 10 μM and PGF2a 5 μM. The anti-inflammatory effect was assessed on carrageenan-induced rat hind paw edema model. The inhibitory concentration-50 (IC50) of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla upon each contractile response was for KCl 44.73 ± 2.48/μg/mL, oxytocin 42.16 ± 3.81/μg/mL, charbacol 41.87 ± 1.73/μg/mL and PGF2α 28.70 ± 2.40/μg/mL in a concentration-dependent way. The extract of Aloysia triphylla produced a significant inhibitory effect on PGF2c-induced contraction compared to its inhibitory actions on the others. Citral exhibited the same inhibitory effect on the contraction induced by PGF2α. The oral administration of the extract (100-800 mg/kg) and citral (100-800 mg/kg) showed anti-inflammatory activity; furthermore, the maximal dose utilized did not produce gastric injury. These results were compared with anti-inflammatory effects and gastric damage produced by 30 mg/kg of indomethacin p.o. The spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects support the traditional use of Aloysia triphylla leaves in the treatment of the primary dysmenorrhea in Mexican communities.",
author = "H{\'e}ctor Ponce-Monter and Eduardo Fern{\'a}ndez-Mart{\'i}nez and Ortiz, {Mario I.} and Ram{\'i}rez-Montiel, {Martha L.} and Delia Cruz-Elizalde and Nury P{\'e}rez-Hern{\'a}ndez and Raquel Cari{\~n}o-Cort{\'e}s",
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Ponce-Monter, H, Fernández-Martínez, E, Ortiz, MI, Ramírez-Montiel, ML, Cruz-Elizalde, D, Pérez-Hernández, N & Cariño-Cortés, R 2010, 'Spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of Aloysia triphylla and citral, in vitro and in vivo studies', Journal of Smooth Muscle Research, pp. 309-319. https://doi.org/10.1540/jsmr.46.309

Spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of Aloysia triphylla and citral, in vitro and in vivo studies. / Ponce-Monter, Héctor; Fernández-Martínez, Eduardo; Ortiz, Mario I.; Ramírez-Montiel, Martha L.; Cruz-Elizalde, Delia; Pérez-Hernández, Nury; Cariño-Cortés, Raquel.

In: Journal of Smooth Muscle Research, 01.12.2010, p. 309-319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of Aloysia triphylla and citral, in vitro and in vivo studies

AU - Ponce-Monter, Héctor

AU - Fernández-Martínez, Eduardo

AU - Ortiz, Mario I.

AU - Ramírez-Montiel, Martha L.

AU - Cruz-Elizalde, Delia

AU - Pérez-Hernández, Nury

AU - Cariño-Cortés, Raquel

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - Aloysia triphylla is traditionally utilized for the treatment of menstrual colic (primary dysmenorrhea) in Mexico. Citral is the main chemical component found in Aloysia triphylla leaves extract. Primary dysmenorrhea is a very frequent gynecological disorder in menstruating women, affecting 30-60% of them. It is usually treated with non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); although their effect is rapid, they possess many side effects. Due to these shortcomings, Mexican folk therapy is considered as a feasible alternative. The effects of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla and citral on uterine contractions were evaluated in vitro as well as their anti-inflammatory properties and gastric wound capabilities were assessed in vivo. The inhibitory effects on the contractions were analyzed using isolated uterus strips from estrogen primed rats. Contractions were induced by KCl 60 mM, oxytocin 10 mIU/mL, charbacol 10 μM and PGF2a 5 μM. The anti-inflammatory effect was assessed on carrageenan-induced rat hind paw edema model. The inhibitory concentration-50 (IC50) of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla upon each contractile response was for KCl 44.73 ± 2.48/μg/mL, oxytocin 42.16 ± 3.81/μg/mL, charbacol 41.87 ± 1.73/μg/mL and PGF2α 28.70 ± 2.40/μg/mL in a concentration-dependent way. The extract of Aloysia triphylla produced a significant inhibitory effect on PGF2c-induced contraction compared to its inhibitory actions on the others. Citral exhibited the same inhibitory effect on the contraction induced by PGF2α. The oral administration of the extract (100-800 mg/kg) and citral (100-800 mg/kg) showed anti-inflammatory activity; furthermore, the maximal dose utilized did not produce gastric injury. These results were compared with anti-inflammatory effects and gastric damage produced by 30 mg/kg of indomethacin p.o. The spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects support the traditional use of Aloysia triphylla leaves in the treatment of the primary dysmenorrhea in Mexican communities.

AB - Aloysia triphylla is traditionally utilized for the treatment of menstrual colic (primary dysmenorrhea) in Mexico. Citral is the main chemical component found in Aloysia triphylla leaves extract. Primary dysmenorrhea is a very frequent gynecological disorder in menstruating women, affecting 30-60% of them. It is usually treated with non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); although their effect is rapid, they possess many side effects. Due to these shortcomings, Mexican folk therapy is considered as a feasible alternative. The effects of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla and citral on uterine contractions were evaluated in vitro as well as their anti-inflammatory properties and gastric wound capabilities were assessed in vivo. The inhibitory effects on the contractions were analyzed using isolated uterus strips from estrogen primed rats. Contractions were induced by KCl 60 mM, oxytocin 10 mIU/mL, charbacol 10 μM and PGF2a 5 μM. The anti-inflammatory effect was assessed on carrageenan-induced rat hind paw edema model. The inhibitory concentration-50 (IC50) of the hexane extract of Aloysia triphylla upon each contractile response was for KCl 44.73 ± 2.48/μg/mL, oxytocin 42.16 ± 3.81/μg/mL, charbacol 41.87 ± 1.73/μg/mL and PGF2α 28.70 ± 2.40/μg/mL in a concentration-dependent way. The extract of Aloysia triphylla produced a significant inhibitory effect on PGF2c-induced contraction compared to its inhibitory actions on the others. Citral exhibited the same inhibitory effect on the contraction induced by PGF2α. The oral administration of the extract (100-800 mg/kg) and citral (100-800 mg/kg) showed anti-inflammatory activity; furthermore, the maximal dose utilized did not produce gastric injury. These results were compared with anti-inflammatory effects and gastric damage produced by 30 mg/kg of indomethacin p.o. The spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects support the traditional use of Aloysia triphylla leaves in the treatment of the primary dysmenorrhea in Mexican communities.

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JO - Journal of Smooth Muscle Research

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