Phytoremediation assisted by mycorrhizal fungi of a Mexican defunct lead-acid battery recycling site

Ma del Carmen A. González-Chávez, Rogelio Carrillo-González, Alma Cuellar-Sánchez, Adriana Delgado-Alvarado, Javier Suárez-Espinosa, Elvira Ríos-Leal, Fernando A. Solís-Domínguez, Ignacio Eduardo Maldonado-Mendoza

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Abstract

© 2018 A field experiment was conducted during 15 months to study the effects of four arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on the growth of Ricinus communis accession SF7. Plants were established on amended soil (vermicompost:sawdust:soil 1:1:1) severely polluted by lead-acid batteries (LAB) located at Mexico State, Mexico. Plants inoculated with Acaulospora sp., Funneliformis mosseae and Gigaspora gigantea had 100% survival in comparison to non-inoculated plants (57%). These same AMF enhanced palmitic and linoleic acids content in seeds of R. communis. Acaulospora sp. modified rhizosphere soil pH and decreased 3.5 folds Pb foliar concentrations while F. mosseae BEG25 decreased three times Pb soil availability in comparison to non-inoculated plants. Spatial changes in Pb soil availability were observed at the end of this research. No fungal effect on P, Ca, Cu foliar concentrations, soluble sugars, proline, chlorophyll or on the activity of two oxidative stress enzymes was observed. Mycorrhizal colonization from the inoculated fungi was between 40% and 60%, while colonization by native fungi was between 16% and 22%. A similar percentage of foliar total phenolic compounds was observed in non-mycorrhizal plants and those inoculated with G. gigantea and Acaulospora sp. This is the first research reporting effects of AMF on R. communis (castor bean) shrubs when grown on a LAB recycling site suggesting the use of Acaulospora sp. and F. mosseae BEG25 in phytostabilization to ameliorate Pb pollution and decreasing its ecological risk.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3134-3144
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Feb 2019

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González-Chávez, M. D. C. A., Carrillo-González, R., Cuellar-Sánchez, A., Delgado-Alvarado, A., Suárez-Espinosa, J., Ríos-Leal, E., Solís-Domínguez, F. A., & Maldonado-Mendoza, I. E. (2019). Phytoremediation assisted by mycorrhizal fungi of a Mexican defunct lead-acid battery recycling site. Science of the Total Environment, 3134-3144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.031