Photocatalytic Degradation of Mixed Dyes in Aqueous Phase by MgAlTi and ZnAlTi Mixed Oxides

Laura V. Castro, E. Ortíz-Islas, Ma E. Manríquez, E. Albiter, Román Cabrera-Sierra, B. Alvarado-Zavala

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This study reported the synthesis and evaluation of mixed metal oxides MgO/Al2O3–TiO2 and ZnO/Al2O3–TiO2 as heterogeneous photocatalysts for the potential degradation of a mixture of organic dyes such as methylene blue and methyl orange. First, hydrotalcites were synthesized by two different methods (conventional and microwave); then they were treated at 500 °C to obtain the corresponding Mg/Al–Ti and Zn/Al–Ti mixed metal oxides. The Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) and the Mixed Metal Oxides were characterized by N2 adsorption–desorption, X-ray Diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, X-Ray photoelectron Spectrometry and Scanning Electron Microscopy. The degradation processes of the dyes were carried out under ultraviolet light irradiation and absorbance readings were compared using a UV–vis spectrometer. The ensuing degradation of products was corroborated through a mass spectrometry analysis. According to the photodegradation efficiency of dyes under UV irradiation, the activity of the samples showed the following order: ZnAlTiM > ZnAlTiC > MgAlTiC > MgAlTiM. The improvement in the activity of ZnAlTiM may be attributed to its lowest reflectance and highest degree of UV light absorbance, its smallest valence band and its ZnO-support interaction. Degradations of 25% and 68% were achieved for methyl orange and methylene blue, respectively, after 120 min of reaction. The degradation process conforms to the Langmuir–Hinshelwood type kinetic model. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-111
Number of pages15
JournalTopics in Catalysis
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Hydrotalcites
  • Methyl orange
  • Methylene blue
  • MgO–AlO–TiO
  • Mixed metal oxides
  • Photodegradation
  • ZnO–AlO–TiO


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