Enhanced reversible hydrogen storage performance of light metal-decorated boron-doped siligene: A DFT study

Brandom Jhoseph Cid, Akari Narayama Sosa, Álvaro Miranda, Luis Antonio Pérez, Fernando Salazar, Arturo I. Mtz-Enriquez, Miguel Cruz-Irisson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The use of nanomaterials for hydrogen storage could play a very important role in the large-scale utilization of hydrogen as an energy source. However, nowadays several potential hydrogen storage nanomaterials do not have a large gravimetric density and stability at room temperature. In this work, we have investigated the hydrogen storage performances of Na-, K- and Ca-decorated B-doped siligene monolayer (BSiGeML) using density functional theory calculations. The results show that boron doping improves the interaction between the metal adatom and the siligene monolayer (SiGeML). The K- and Ca-decorated BSiGeMLs can bind up to seven H2 molecules per metal adatom, whereas Na-decorated BSiGeML only adsorb four H2 molecules per adsorption site. The effect of temperature and pressure on the hydrogen storage capacity of BSiGeMLs was also evaluated. At room temperature, all the H2 molecules adsorbed on Na-, and Ca-decorated BSiGeML are stable at mild pressure. The metal decoration of both sides of BSiGeML may lead to hydrogen gravimetric densities exceeding the target of 5.5 wt% proposed by DOE for the year 2025. K- and Ca-decorated BSiGeML could be efficient hydrogen molecular storage media compared to undoped SiGeML and other 2D pristine materials.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • Doping
  • Energy storage
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Siligene

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