The effects of heat treatment on the hardness and electrochemical behavior of the Ti6Al4V alloy were studied. Two heat treatments were performed: one below (800 °C) and the other above (1050 °C) its beta transformation temperature (TTRANSUS= 980 ± 20 °C) and cooled using three conditions: water quenching, normalizing, and furnace. A microstructure observed using Optical Microscopy showed dependence on the heat treatment temperature applied; mainly three microstructures were obtained: martensitic, globular, and lamellar. Besides, alpha and beta phases were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. The Berkovich tests were performed to measure the hardness and reduced modulus (Er). The Ti6Al4V1050+AC alloy treated at 1050 °C and air-cooled exhibited hardness values closer to those of the Ti6Al4V as-received alloy. Electrochemical tests were carried out to analyze the electrochemical behavior after 7-day immersion in Hank’s solution at 37 °C and pH 7.40. Open Circuit Potentials (EOCP) showed less negative values for Ti6Al4V800+AC and Ti6Al4V1050+AC alloys, suggesting ennoblement of these materials. Furthermore, these alloys exhibited an outstanding electrochemical behavior compared to the Ti6Al4V as-received alloy by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) technique.
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2021|