Constraints on Lorentz Invariance Violation from HAWC Observations of Gamma Rays above 100 TeV

A. Albert, R. Alfaro, C. Alvarez, J. R. Angeles Camacho, J. C. Arteaga-Velázquez, K. P. Arunbabu, D. Avila Rojas, H. A. Ayala Solares, V. Baghmanyan, E. Belmont-Moreno, S. Y. Benzvi, C. Brisbois, K. S. Caballero-Mora, T. Capistrán, A. Carraminaña, S. Casanova, U. Cotti, J. Cotzomi, S. Coutinõ De León, E. De La FuenteC. De León, B. L. Dingus, M. A. Duvernois, J. C. Diáz-Vélez, R. W. Ellsworth, K. Engel, C. Espinoza, H. Fleischhack, N. Fraija, A. Galván-Gámez, D. Garcia, J. A. Garciá-González, F. Garfias, M. M. González, J. A. Goodman, J. P. Harding, S. Hernandez, B. Hona, D. Huang, F. Hueyotl-Zahuantitla, P. Hüntemeyer, A. Iriarte, V. Joshi, A. Lara, W. H. Lee, H. León Vargas, J. T. Linnemann, A. L. Longinotti, G. Luis-Raya, J. Lundeen, R. López-Coto, K. Malone, S. S. Marinelli, I. Martinez-Castellanos, J. Martínez-Castro, H. Martínez-Huerta, J. A. Matthews, P. Miranda-Romagnoli, J. A. Morales-Soto, E. Moreno, A. Nayerhoda, L. Nellen, M. Newbold, M. U. Nisa, R. Noriega-Papaqui, N. Omodei, A. Peisker, E. G. Pérez-Pérez, C. D. Rho, C. Rivière, D. Rosa-González, M. Rosenberg, E. Ruiz-Velasco, H. Salazar, F. Salesa Greus, A. Sandoval, M. Schneider, H. Schoorlemmer, G. Sinnis, A. J. Smith, R. W. Springer, P. Surajbali, E. Tabachnick, M. Tanner, O. Tibolla, K. Tollefson, I. Torres, R. Torres-Escobedo, T. Weisgarber, G. Yodh, A. Zepeda, H. Zhou

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Abstract

© 2020 American Physical Society. Because of the high energies and long distances to the sources, astrophysical observations provide a unique opportunity to test possible signatures of Lorentz invariance violation (LIV). Superluminal LIV enables the decay of photons at high energy. The high altitude water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory is among the most sensitive gamma-ray instruments currently operating above 10 TeV. HAWC finds evidence of 100 TeV photon emission from at least four astrophysical sources. These observations exclude, for the strongest of the limits set, the LIV energy scale to 2.2×1031 eV, over 1800 times the Planck energy and an improvement of 1 to 2 orders of magnitude over previous limits.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalPhysical Review Letters
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2020

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