© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This study was conducted from a perspective that adopts a broad vision of mathematical talent, defined as the potential that a subject manifests when confronting certain types of tasks, in a successful way, that generate creative mathematical activity. To analyse this, our study proposes a Praxeological Model of Mathematical Talent based on the Anthropological Theory of Didactics and the notion of mathematical creativity, which defines four technological functions: (1) producing new techniques; (2) optimizing those techniques (3); considering tasks from diverse angles; and (4) adapting techniques. Using this model, this study analyses the creative mathematical activity of students aged 10–12 years displayed as they sought to solve a series of infinite succession tasks proposed to encourage the construction of generalization processes. The setting is a Mathematics Club (a talent-promoting institution). The evaluation of results shows that the Praxeological Model of Mathematical Talent allows the emergence and analysis of mathematical creativity and, therefore, encourages the development of mathematical talent.