Three-Dimensional Flow Behavior Inside the Submerged Entry Nozzle

Cesar Augusto Real-Ramirez, Ignacio Carvajal-Mariscal, Florencio Sanchez-Silva, Francisco Cervantes-de-la-Torre, Jesus Diaz-Montes, Jesus Gonzalez-Trejo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

4 Citas (Scopus)


© 2018, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International. According to various authors, the surface quality of steel depends on the dynamic conditions that occur within the continuous casting mold’s upper region. The meniscus, found in that upper region, is where the solidification process begins. The liquid steel is distributed into the mold through a submerged entry nozzle (SEN). In this paper, the dynamic behavior inside the SEN is analyzed by means of physical experiments and numerical simulations. The particle imaging velocimetry technique was used to obtain the vector field in different planes and three-dimensional flow patterns inside the SEN volume. Moreover, large eddy simulation was performed, and the turbulence model results were used to understand the nonlinear flow pattern inside the SEN. Using scaled physical and numerical models, quasi-periodic behavior was observed due to the interaction of two three-dimensional vortices that move inside the SEN lower region located between the exit ports of the nozzle.
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)1644-1657
Número de páginas1478
PublicaciónMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
EstadoPublicada - 1 ago 2018

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