The heat shock response is a conserved mechanism that allows cells to respond and survive stress damage and is transcriptionally regulated by the heat shock factors and heat shock elements. The P-glycoprotein confer the multidrug resistance phenotype; Entamoeba histolytica has the largest multidrug resistance gene family described so far; one of these genes, the EhPgp5 gene, has an emetine-inducible expression. A functional heat shock element was localized in the EhPgp5 gene promoter, indicating transcriptional regulation by heat shock factors. In this work, we determined the oligomer state of EhHSTF7 and the recognition of the heat shock element of the EhPgp5 gene. The EhHSTF7 recombinant protein was obtained as monomer and oligomer. In silico molecular docking predicts protein-DNA binding between EhHSTF7 and 5′-GAA-3′ complementary bases. The rEhHSTF7 protein specifically binds to the heat shock element of the EhPgp5 gene in gel shift assays. The competition assays with heat shock element mutants indicate that 5′-GAA-3′ complementary bases are necessary for the rEhHSTF7 binding. Finally, the siRNA-mediated knockdown of Ehhstf7 expression causes downregulation of EhPgp5 expression, suggesting that EhHSTF7 is likely to play a key role in the E. histolytica multidrug resistance. This is the first report of a transcription factor that recognizes a heat shock element from a gene involved in drug resistance in parasites. However, further analysis needs to demonstrate the biological relevance of the EhHSTF7 and the rest of the heat shock factors of E. histolytica, to understand the underlying regulation of transcriptional control in response to stress.