Synthesis and electrochemical characterization (HER-NER) of platinum-based materials supported in a carbon nano-tube matrix

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Nano-particles of platinum were prepared using Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) technique and supported in a carbon nano-tube (CNT) matrix in order to obtain different atomic relationship: Pt (1%)/CNT, Pt (5%)/CNT and Pt (15%)/CNT. The as-prepared Pt/CNT was deposited on a glassy carbon (GC) electrode. Nitrate electro-reduction reaction (NER) was used as a probe to evaluate their catalytic activity. According to XRD analysis the particle size was determined as 15, 13 and 12 nm for Pt (15%)/CNT, Pt (5%)/CNT and Pt (1%)/CNT, respectively. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) coupled with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) confirmed the presence of nano-tubes and the platinum atomic ratio in each sample. The adsorption-desorption region related to the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction (HER) was evaluated. The charge obtained (Q/μC) followed the order Pt(15%)/CNT>Pt(5%)/CNT>Pt(1%)/CNT, in agreement with platinum content. The i-E profiles at nitrate-containing solutions showed a redox process corresponding to the NO3 -reduction. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) coupled with rotating disk electrode (RDE) technique revealed that the NER is affected by the rotation rate, an indication of a strong competition of nitrate ion and protons at the electrode interface. Studies as a function of NO3- concentration (0.001, 0.01, 0.1 and 1.0M) were also carried out. The electrical current attributed to nitrate reduction increased, for all samples, as a function of concentration. Nevertheless, this current magnitude is not severely affected by the content of platinum-nanoparticles. These results have been discussed in terms of local disorders due to particles size-distribution as well as the support matrix geometry (SMG).

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaMetastable and Nanostructured Materials IV
EditorialTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Número de páginas6
ISBN (versión impresa)9783037851838
EstadoPublicada - 2011

Serie de la publicación

NombreMaterials Science Forum
ISSN (versión impresa)0255-5476
ISSN (versión digital)1662-9752


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