Wind energy in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec: conflicts and social implications

Eduardo Martínez-Mendoza, Luis Arturo Rivas-Tovar, Luis Enrique García-Santamaría

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Social acceptance is fundamental, and directly affects the installation of wind farms. In this paper, the factors that have had the greatest influence on the development of wind energy in the Itsmo region of Tehuantepec, Mexico are identified. The data were collected face to face through a semi-structured questionnaire of 31 people: owners, municipal authorities, opposition groups, and academic members. The results of the interview highlight the social impact, the lack of application, and concerning ILO Convention 169, the abuse of community rights. As a result, people interviewed perceive that the environmental impact of the installation, and operation of wind farms has been ambivalent: positive due to the intrinsic benefits that wind energy generates compared to other energy sources, and negative in terms of affectation by the noise, and the landscape. However, the income received by the owners of land in which wind facilities are located is lower compared to other parts of the world. In general, the facts show a disintegration between the authorities (federal, state, and municipal), universities are isolated from wind projects, communities are not consulted in projects, and large companies are the main beneficiaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11706-11731
Number of pages26
JournalEnvironment, Development and Sustainability
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Energy justice
  • Mexico
  • Social acceptance
  • Wind energy
  • Wind farms


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