Using fracture mechanics for determining residual stress fields in diverse geometries

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Abstract

Component deterioration due to a crack is of the highest importance for the engineering community. Fracture mechanics have mainly been used for studying and evaluating crack or defect nucleation and propagation. This article presents a methodology based on inducing a crack (cut) into mechanical components to characterise an induced residual stress field. This research work's originality was aimed at highlighting fracture mechanics' role in detecting possible component destruction by energetic analysis of crack propagation and evaluating service-life to be used as a technique for characterising the effect of prior loading history regard-ing a given material. The technique presented in this work is known worldwide as the crack compliance method, based on linear elastic fracture mechanics principles developed by Vaidyanathan and Finnie. Three studies are shown (bent beam, pressurised pipe and modified SEN specimen) where components were induced with a residual stress field. The way non-homogeneous loading could introduce a residual stress field is also presented; if residual stress field acting on a specimen has been characterised, then the mechanical process can be manipulated and a beneficial effect induced into the material.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages16
JournalIngenieria e Investigacion
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012

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Mechanics
Fracture mechanics
Residual stresses
Cracks
Geometry
Mechanical Phenomena
Compliance
History
Service life
Deterioration
Crack propagation
Nucleation
Pipe
Research
Defects

Cite this

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title = "Using fracture mechanics for determining residual stress fields in diverse geometries",
abstract = "Component deterioration due to a crack is of the highest importance for the engineering community. Fracture mechanics have mainly been used for studying and evaluating crack or defect nucleation and propagation. This article presents a methodology based on inducing a crack (cut) into mechanical components to characterise an induced residual stress field. This research work's originality was aimed at highlighting fracture mechanics' role in detecting possible component destruction by energetic analysis of crack propagation and evaluating service-life to be used as a technique for characterising the effect of prior loading history regard-ing a given material. The technique presented in this work is known worldwide as the crack compliance method, based on linear elastic fracture mechanics principles developed by Vaidyanathan and Finnie. Three studies are shown (bent beam, pressurised pipe and modified SEN specimen) where components were induced with a residual stress field. The way non-homogeneous loading could introduce a residual stress field is also presented; if residual stress field acting on a specimen has been characterised, then the mechanical process can be manipulated and a beneficial effect induced into the material.",
author = "Guillermo Urriolagiotia-Sosa and Guillermo Urriolagiotia-Calder{\'o}n and Beatriz Romero-{\'A}ngeles and David Torres-Franco and Hern{\'a}ndez-G{\'o}mez, {Luis H{\'e}ctor} and Arafat Molina-Ballinas and {Torres-San Miguel}, {Christopher Ren{\'e}} and Campos-L{\'o}pez, {Juan Pablo}",
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AU - Romero-Ángeles, Beatriz

AU - Torres-Franco, David

AU - Hernández-Gómez, Luis Héctor

AU - Molina-Ballinas, Arafat

AU - Torres-San Miguel, Christopher René

AU - Campos-López, Juan Pablo

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N2 - Component deterioration due to a crack is of the highest importance for the engineering community. Fracture mechanics have mainly been used for studying and evaluating crack or defect nucleation and propagation. This article presents a methodology based on inducing a crack (cut) into mechanical components to characterise an induced residual stress field. This research work's originality was aimed at highlighting fracture mechanics' role in detecting possible component destruction by energetic analysis of crack propagation and evaluating service-life to be used as a technique for characterising the effect of prior loading history regard-ing a given material. The technique presented in this work is known worldwide as the crack compliance method, based on linear elastic fracture mechanics principles developed by Vaidyanathan and Finnie. Three studies are shown (bent beam, pressurised pipe and modified SEN specimen) where components were induced with a residual stress field. The way non-homogeneous loading could introduce a residual stress field is also presented; if residual stress field acting on a specimen has been characterised, then the mechanical process can be manipulated and a beneficial effect induced into the material.

AB - Component deterioration due to a crack is of the highest importance for the engineering community. Fracture mechanics have mainly been used for studying and evaluating crack or defect nucleation and propagation. This article presents a methodology based on inducing a crack (cut) into mechanical components to characterise an induced residual stress field. This research work's originality was aimed at highlighting fracture mechanics' role in detecting possible component destruction by energetic analysis of crack propagation and evaluating service-life to be used as a technique for characterising the effect of prior loading history regard-ing a given material. The technique presented in this work is known worldwide as the crack compliance method, based on linear elastic fracture mechanics principles developed by Vaidyanathan and Finnie. Three studies are shown (bent beam, pressurised pipe and modified SEN specimen) where components were induced with a residual stress field. The way non-homogeneous loading could introduce a residual stress field is also presented; if residual stress field acting on a specimen has been characterised, then the mechanical process can be manipulated and a beneficial effect induced into the material.

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