Unidirectional Optical Kerr Transmittance in Hierarchical Carbon/Platinum Nanostructures

Samuel Morales-Bonilla, Cecilia Mercado-Zúñiga, Juan Pablo Campos-López, César Carrillo-Delgado, Claudia Lizbeth Martínez-González, Carlos Torres-Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A strong contrast in the third-order nonlinear optical effects exhibited by hierarchical nanostructures explored in a bidirectional optical circuit is reported. The samples were integrated by multiwall carbon nanotubes and platinum-decorated carbon nanotubes synthetized by an aerosol pyrolysis technique and followed by a chemical vapor deposition method. Coupled and decoupled third-order nonlinear optical properties of the nanocomposites were studied. A nanosecond two-wave mixing experiment at 532 nm wavelength was conducted to analyze the optical Kerr effect in the samples. Multi-photonic interactions were evaluated by a single-beam transmittance as a function of input irradiance and volume fraction of the nanoparticles integrated in the nanohybrids. A two-photon absorption process was identified as the main physical mechanism responsible for the anisotropy in the observed optical nonlinearities. Random carbon nanotube networks in film form were put on top of platinum-decorated carbon nanotubes in order to build up a bilayer sample featuring optical selectivity. The switching of optical signals in propagation through the samples was obtained by an orientation-selectable optical transmittance. Unidirectional optically controlled laser pulses dependent on irradiance and polarization in a two-wave mixing was proposed with potential nanophotonic and nanoelectronic applications. The design of signal processing functions driven by nanohybrid platforms can be contemplated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalPhotonics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Platinum nanoparticles
  • Sensors
  • Two-wave mixing

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