Thermoluminescent characterization of HfO2: Tb3+ synthesized by hydrothermal route

E. Montes, P. Cerón, T. Rivera Montalvo, J. Guzmán, M. García-Hipólito, A. B. Soto-Guzmán, R. García-Salcedo, C. Falcony

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    Abstract

    Thermo and photoluminescent properties of nanoparticles (NPs) of hafnium oxide (HfO2), both intrinsic and doped with terbium (Tb3+) are reported. The NPs of HfO2 were synthesized by hydrothermal route, using hafnium tetrachloride (HfCl4) and terbium chloride hexahydrated (TbCl3{bullet operator}6H2O) as precursors and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to adjust the pH. Deionized water was used as solvent in all cases. The synthesis was carried out at different dopant concentrations from 0 to 20at% of terbium with respect to the amount of hafnium in the precursor solution. The temperature of hydrothermal treatment was 200°C and 80min of reaction time. X-ray diffraction results show that at terbium concentrations higher than 15at% the HfO2 nanoparticles have a crystalline structure corresponding to the tetragonal phase. Thermoluminescent (TL) characterization was performed after 5min irradiation of the samples with ultraviolet light of 200nm wavelength. The highest TL emission was observed on samples with 7at% of Tb, with the TL peak centered at 128°C. Thermoluminescence analysis shows behavior associated with second-order kinetics with activation energy of 0.49eV. Photoluminescent spectrum present the characteristics 5D4→7FJ (J=3-6) terbium ion electronic transitions lines centered on 489nm, 543nm, 584nm and 622nm. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)196-199
    Number of pages176
    JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

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