The Effects of Non-selective Dopamine Receptor Activation by Apomorphine in the Mouse Hippocampus

Luis Enrique Arroyo-García, Rubén Antonio Vázquez-Roque, Alfonso Díaz, Samuel Treviño, Fidel De La Cruz, Gonzalo Flores, Antonio Rodríguez-Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Apomorphine is a dopamine receptor agonist that activates D1–D5dopamine receptors and that is used to treat Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the effect of apomorphine on non-motor activity has been poorly studied, and likewise, the effects of dopaminergic activation in brain areas that do not fulfill motor functions are unclear. The aim of this study was to determine how dopamine receptor activation affects behavior, as well as plasticity, morphology, and oxidative stress in the hippocampus. Adult mice were chronically administered apomorphine (1 mg/kg for 15 days), and the effects on memory and learning, synaptic plasticity, dendritic length, inflammatory responses, and oxidative stress were evaluated. Apomorphine impaired learning and long-term memory in mice, as evaluated in the Morris water maze test. In addition, electrophysiological recording of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSP) indicated that the long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was fully impaired by apomorphine. In addition, a Sholl analysis of Golgi-Cox stained neurons showed that apomorphine reduced the total length of dendrites in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Finally, there were more reactive astrocytes and oxidative stress biomarkers in mice administered apomorphine, as measured by GFAP immunohistochemistry and markers of redox balance, respectively. Hence, the non-selective activation of dopaminergic receptors in the hippocampus by apomorphine triggers deficiencies in learning and memory, it prevents LTP, reduces dendritic length, and provokes neuronal damage.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8625-8636
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018

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Apomorphine
Dopamine Receptors
Hippocampus
Oxidative Stress
Long-Term Potentiation
Learning
Neuronal Plasticity
Long-Term Memory
Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials
Dopamine Agonists
Dendrites
Synaptic Transmission
Astrocytes
Oxidation-Reduction
Parkinson Disease
Biomarkers
Immunohistochemistry
Neurons
Water
Brain

Cite this

Arroyo-García, L. E., Vázquez-Roque, R. A., Díaz, A., Treviño, S., De La Cruz, F., Flores, G., & Rodríguez-Moreno, A. (2018). The Effects of Non-selective Dopamine Receptor Activation by Apomorphine in the Mouse Hippocampus. Molecular Neurobiology, 8625-8636. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12035-018-0991-2
Arroyo-García, Luis Enrique ; Vázquez-Roque, Rubén Antonio ; Díaz, Alfonso ; Treviño, Samuel ; De La Cruz, Fidel ; Flores, Gonzalo ; Rodríguez-Moreno, Antonio. / The Effects of Non-selective Dopamine Receptor Activation by Apomorphine in the Mouse Hippocampus. In: Molecular Neurobiology. 2018 ; pp. 8625-8636.
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Arroyo-García, LE, Vázquez-Roque, RA, Díaz, A, Treviño, S, De La Cruz, F, Flores, G & Rodríguez-Moreno, A 2018, 'The Effects of Non-selective Dopamine Receptor Activation by Apomorphine in the Mouse Hippocampus', Molecular Neurobiology, pp. 8625-8636. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12035-018-0991-2

The Effects of Non-selective Dopamine Receptor Activation by Apomorphine in the Mouse Hippocampus. / Arroyo-García, Luis Enrique; Vázquez-Roque, Rubén Antonio; Díaz, Alfonso; Treviño, Samuel; De La Cruz, Fidel; Flores, Gonzalo; Rodríguez-Moreno, Antonio.

In: Molecular Neurobiology, 01.11.2018, p. 8625-8636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The Effects of Non-selective Dopamine Receptor Activation by Apomorphine in the Mouse Hippocampus

AU - Arroyo-García, Luis Enrique

AU - Vázquez-Roque, Rubén Antonio

AU - Díaz, Alfonso

AU - Treviño, Samuel

AU - De La Cruz, Fidel

AU - Flores, Gonzalo

AU - Rodríguez-Moreno, Antonio

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Apomorphine is a dopamine receptor agonist that activates D1–D5dopamine receptors and that is used to treat Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the effect of apomorphine on non-motor activity has been poorly studied, and likewise, the effects of dopaminergic activation in brain areas that do not fulfill motor functions are unclear. The aim of this study was to determine how dopamine receptor activation affects behavior, as well as plasticity, morphology, and oxidative stress in the hippocampus. Adult mice were chronically administered apomorphine (1 mg/kg for 15 days), and the effects on memory and learning, synaptic plasticity, dendritic length, inflammatory responses, and oxidative stress were evaluated. Apomorphine impaired learning and long-term memory in mice, as evaluated in the Morris water maze test. In addition, electrophysiological recording of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSP) indicated that the long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was fully impaired by apomorphine. In addition, a Sholl analysis of Golgi-Cox stained neurons showed that apomorphine reduced the total length of dendrites in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Finally, there were more reactive astrocytes and oxidative stress biomarkers in mice administered apomorphine, as measured by GFAP immunohistochemistry and markers of redox balance, respectively. Hence, the non-selective activation of dopaminergic receptors in the hippocampus by apomorphine triggers deficiencies in learning and memory, it prevents LTP, reduces dendritic length, and provokes neuronal damage.

AB - © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Apomorphine is a dopamine receptor agonist that activates D1–D5dopamine receptors and that is used to treat Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the effect of apomorphine on non-motor activity has been poorly studied, and likewise, the effects of dopaminergic activation in brain areas that do not fulfill motor functions are unclear. The aim of this study was to determine how dopamine receptor activation affects behavior, as well as plasticity, morphology, and oxidative stress in the hippocampus. Adult mice were chronically administered apomorphine (1 mg/kg for 15 days), and the effects on memory and learning, synaptic plasticity, dendritic length, inflammatory responses, and oxidative stress were evaluated. Apomorphine impaired learning and long-term memory in mice, as evaluated in the Morris water maze test. In addition, electrophysiological recording of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSP) indicated that the long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was fully impaired by apomorphine. In addition, a Sholl analysis of Golgi-Cox stained neurons showed that apomorphine reduced the total length of dendrites in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Finally, there were more reactive astrocytes and oxidative stress biomarkers in mice administered apomorphine, as measured by GFAP immunohistochemistry and markers of redox balance, respectively. Hence, the non-selective activation of dopaminergic receptors in the hippocampus by apomorphine triggers deficiencies in learning and memory, it prevents LTP, reduces dendritic length, and provokes neuronal damage.

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