Synthesis and characterization of ZnZr composites for the photocatalytic degradation of phenolic molecules: addition effect of ZrO <inf>2</inf> over hydrozincite Zn <inf>5</inf> (OH) <inf>6</inf> (CO <inf>3</inf> ) <inf>2</inf>

Clara Tzompantzi-Flores, Julio Cesar Castillo-Rodríguez, Ricardo Gómez, Francisco Tzompantzi, Raúl Pérez-Hernández, Verónica De la Luz Tlapaya, Carlos Eduardo Santolalla-Vargas

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Abstract

© 2019 Society of Chemical Industry BACKGROUND: The composite materials ZrO 2 /Zn 5 (OH) 6 (CO 3 ) 2 were prepared in only one step by chemical co-precipitation and thermal hydrolysis of urea. ZrO 2 was added at 5, 8 and 10 mol%. The samples were dried at 80 °C and characterized by adsorption–desorption of N 2 isotherms, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques, and diffuse reflectance (DRS), UV–visible, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron (XPS) spectroscopies. The materials were assessed in the photodegradation of phenol and polychlorinated phenolic molecules under UV-light irradiation. The possible mechanism was discussed from studies that corroborated or discarded the formation of the species •OH, •O 2− and h + . RESULTS: The addition of ZrO 2 to Zn 5 (OH) 6 (CO 3 ) 2 resulted in a composite material with high photoactivity. The material containing 8 mol% of ZrO 2 (ZnZr-8.0%) was the sample with the best percentages of photodegradation and mineralization. The photodegradation enhancement was achieved partly by an increment in the specific surface area and principally due to localized states originating in the composite interphase which improved charge transfer. XPS study revealed that the ZrO 2 addition increases the oxygen vacancies which enhanced the organic molecule photodegradation via direct hole attack. CONCLUSION: The ZnZr composite system constitutes an excellent alternative for the photodegradation of persistent organic pollutants due to the low cost, high stability and null toxicity of the support Zn 5 (OH) 6 (CO 3 ) 2 . © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

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