Spatial-temporal analysis of fire occurrence in Durango, Mexico

Gustavo Pérez-Verdín, Marco Antonio Márquez-Linares, Armando Cortés-Ortiz, Maricela Salmerón-Macías

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forest fires affect biodiversity, increase emission of greenhouse gasses, and modify hydrological flows. In Mexico, fires are mostly caused by humans and factors like road accessibility, distance to towns, among others are commonly associated with their frequency and distribution. Using a Conafor database collected from 2000 to 2011, a spatial-temporal evaluation of fire occurrence was made in Durango, one of the most affected states in the country. The spatial analysis was performed using a Moran index while the temporal analysis was done through the analysis of stationary and autocorrelation coefficients. A Geographically Weighted Regression was used to determine the most important factors that affect fire size. Results indicate that fires follow an aggregated distribution and are no-stationary temporally. Fire size is strongly influenced by road density and access, which confirms the importance of the anthropogenic factors. Low precipitation and high temperatures are also climatic drivers of fire size. Overall, considering the anthropogenic factor, more support is necessary to increase education and public awareness of fire effects.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)37-58
Number of pages31
JournalMadera Bosques
StatePublished - 27 Nov 2013

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temporal analysis
Fires
Mexico
roads
road
forest fires
forest fire
autocorrelation
Biodiversity
spatial analysis
Greenhouses
towns
accessibility
Autocorrelation
education
biodiversity
greenhouses
Education

Cite this

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title = "Spatial-temporal analysis of fire occurrence in Durango, Mexico",
abstract = "Forest fires affect biodiversity, increase emission of greenhouse gasses, and modify hydrological flows. In Mexico, fires are mostly caused by humans and factors like road accessibility, distance to towns, among others are commonly associated with their frequency and distribution. Using a Conafor database collected from 2000 to 2011, a spatial-temporal evaluation of fire occurrence was made in Durango, one of the most affected states in the country. The spatial analysis was performed using a Moran index while the temporal analysis was done through the analysis of stationary and autocorrelation coefficients. A Geographically Weighted Regression was used to determine the most important factors that affect fire size. Results indicate that fires follow an aggregated distribution and are no-stationary temporally. Fire size is strongly influenced by road density and access, which confirms the importance of the anthropogenic factors. Low precipitation and high temperatures are also climatic drivers of fire size. Overall, considering the anthropogenic factor, more support is necessary to increase education and public awareness of fire effects.",
author = "Gustavo P{\'e}rez-Verd{\'i}n and M{\'a}rquez-Linares, {Marco Antonio} and Armando Cort{\'e}s-Ortiz and Maricela Salmer{\'o}n-Mac{\'i}as",
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Spatial-temporal analysis of fire occurrence in Durango, Mexico. / Pérez-Verdín, Gustavo; Márquez-Linares, Marco Antonio; Cortés-Ortiz, Armando; Salmerón-Macías, Maricela.

In: Madera Bosques, 27.11.2013, p. 37-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Pérez-Verdín, Gustavo

AU - Márquez-Linares, Marco Antonio

AU - Cortés-Ortiz, Armando

AU - Salmerón-Macías, Maricela

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N2 - Forest fires affect biodiversity, increase emission of greenhouse gasses, and modify hydrological flows. In Mexico, fires are mostly caused by humans and factors like road accessibility, distance to towns, among others are commonly associated with their frequency and distribution. Using a Conafor database collected from 2000 to 2011, a spatial-temporal evaluation of fire occurrence was made in Durango, one of the most affected states in the country. The spatial analysis was performed using a Moran index while the temporal analysis was done through the analysis of stationary and autocorrelation coefficients. A Geographically Weighted Regression was used to determine the most important factors that affect fire size. Results indicate that fires follow an aggregated distribution and are no-stationary temporally. Fire size is strongly influenced by road density and access, which confirms the importance of the anthropogenic factors. Low precipitation and high temperatures are also climatic drivers of fire size. Overall, considering the anthropogenic factor, more support is necessary to increase education and public awareness of fire effects.

AB - Forest fires affect biodiversity, increase emission of greenhouse gasses, and modify hydrological flows. In Mexico, fires are mostly caused by humans and factors like road accessibility, distance to towns, among others are commonly associated with their frequency and distribution. Using a Conafor database collected from 2000 to 2011, a spatial-temporal evaluation of fire occurrence was made in Durango, one of the most affected states in the country. The spatial analysis was performed using a Moran index while the temporal analysis was done through the analysis of stationary and autocorrelation coefficients. A Geographically Weighted Regression was used to determine the most important factors that affect fire size. Results indicate that fires follow an aggregated distribution and are no-stationary temporally. Fire size is strongly influenced by road density and access, which confirms the importance of the anthropogenic factors. Low precipitation and high temperatures are also climatic drivers of fire size. Overall, considering the anthropogenic factor, more support is necessary to increase education and public awareness of fire effects.

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