Spasmolytic effect of constituents from Lepechinia caulescens on rat uterus

Nury Perez-Hernandez, Hector Ponce-Monter, Jorge A. Medina, Pedro Joseph-Nathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lepechinia caulescens Ortega Epling (Lamiaceae) is a perennial herb used in Mexican folk medicine to treat diabetes, hypertension, gastrointestinal infections, dysmenorrhea and as abortifacient. In this study, a bioassay-guided fractionation of the hexanes extract of the leaves, evaluating the capacity to relax contraction of rat uterus rings induced by KCl (60 mM), was made. The results indicated that, from the four isolated terpenes, spathulenol (1) was the most potent spasmolytic agent, followed by methyl 9α,13α-epidioxyabiet-8(14)-en-18-oate (2), 9α-hydroxydehydroabietyl alcohol (4) and dehydroabietic acid (3) studied at 10 and 30 μg/mL. The spasmolytic activity of 1 was totally reverted by addition of increasing extracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]o), while incubation of uterus rings with 1 in calcium free solutions reduced the contraction produced by [Ca2+]o in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, the presence of L-NAME (100 μM) or propranolol (10 μM) did not block the spasmolytic effect. These results suggest that 1 induces a greater blocking action on voltage-operated calcium channels. EtOAc and MeOH extracts of the leaves, which showed slight relaxing activity, led to 4 and rosmarinic acid (5). © 2007.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

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uterus
Parasympatholytics
leaves
rats
contraction
Uterus
calcium
terpenes
hypertension
bioassay
acids
rings
infectious diseases
medicine
Abortifacient Agents
fractionation
Lamiaceae
Dysmenorrhea
alcohols
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester

Cite this

Perez-Hernandez, Nury ; Ponce-Monter, Hector ; Medina, Jorge A. ; Joseph-Nathan, Pedro. / Spasmolytic effect of constituents from Lepechinia caulescens on rat uterus. In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2008 ; pp. 30-35.
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Spasmolytic effect of constituents from Lepechinia caulescens on rat uterus. / Perez-Hernandez, Nury; Ponce-Monter, Hector; Medina, Jorge A.; Joseph-Nathan, Pedro.

In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 04.01.2008, p. 30-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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