Rheological and physical properties of spray-dried mucilage obtained from Hylocereus undatus cladodes

E. E. García-Cruz, J. Rodríguez-Ramírez, L. L. Méndez Lagunas, L. Medina-Torres

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    Abstract

    This study examines the rheological behavior of reconstituted spray-dried mucilage isolated from the cladodes of pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus), the effects of concentration and its relationship with physical properties were analyzed in reconstituted solutions. Drying process optimization was carried out through the surface response method, utilizing a factorial 23 design with three central points, in order to evaluate yield and rheological properties. The reconstituted mucilage exhibited non-Newtonian shear-thinning behavior, which adequately fit the Cross model (R2 > 0.95). This dynamic response suggests a random coil configuration. The steady-shear viscosity and dynamic response are suitably correlated through the Cox-Merz rule, confirming the mucilage's stability of flow. Analysis of the physical properties of the mucilage (Tg, DTP, and particle morphology) explains the shear-thinning behavior. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)394-402
    Number of pages353
    JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2 Jan 2013

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