Reproductive biology of the swell shark Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae)

Stephanie Bernal-Pérez, Rosa Isabel Ochoa-Báez, Felipe Galván-Magaña, Katherin Soto-López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Cephaloscyllium ventriosum shark is present in the artisanal fisheries of elasmobranchs on the western coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico. The main characteristics of the sexual maturation of this species based on individuals captured from off north-west Mexico in 2013–2016 are described. The size at maturity of this species was determined for the first time (total length 82 cm for females and 76 cm for males). Most females had one egg case per one uterus, and two per one uterus was an isolated event of low incidence. From the histological analysis of females, it was possible to show sperm storage in the oviducal gland. Fully developed sperm in immature organisms were identified in the testes. The main indicator of the maturity stage of males and their mating activity is the clasper. The present study provides evidence for a reliable estimation of the sexual maturity of these organisms, demonstrating the need for the combination of macroscopic and microscopic methods.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cephaloscyllium ventriosum
  • egg cases
  • histology
  • reproduction

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