Remediation of lignin and its derivatives from pulp and paper industry wastewater by the combination of chemical precipitation and ozonation

W. De los Santos Ramos, T. Poznyak, I. Chairez, I. Córdova R.

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In the present work the degradation of the lignin and its derivatives in the residual water of a paper industry by simple ozonation was investigated. The remediation of lignin was realized using the combination of the pre-treatment with chemical precipitation, using concentrated sulfuric acid (97.1%) at the pH 1 and 3, and of the simple ozonation of the filtered residual water at the pH 1, 3, 8 and 12. Since the high residues content (the initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) is 70,000 mg/L) in the experiments the diluted samples (1:10) were used. The previous precipitation has showed a significant effect on the reduction of the COD (77%) and color (96.1%). The sludge precipitated contents sulfolignin, which in the reaction with sulfuric acid was formed. In ozonation of the filtered residual water during 25 min at the pH 1, 3, 8 and 12 the follows by-products were formed: fumaric, maleic, malonic and formic acids. The biodegradability of the treated water in ozonation increases up 0.067-0.29. The effect of the precipitation and the ozonation conditions on the decolorization kinetics was evaluated. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)428-434
Number of pages384
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes


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