Recovery of Indicators of Mitochondrial Biogenesis, Oxidative Stress, and Aging With (-)-Epicatechin in Senile Mice

Aldo Moreno-Ulloa, Leonardo Nogueira, Alonso Rodriguez, Jonathan Barboza, Michael C. Hogan, Guillermo Ceballos, Francisco Villarreal, Israel Ramirez-Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2014 The Author. There is evidence implicating oxidative stress (OS) as the cause of the deleterious effects of aging. In this study, we evaluated the capacity of the flavanol (-)-epicatechin (Epi) to reduce aging-induced OS and restore mitochondrial biogenesis, as well as, structural and functional endpoints in aged mice. Senile (S; 26-month-old) C57BL/6 male mice were randomly assigned to receive either water (vehicle) or 1mg/kg of Epi via oral gavage (twice daily) for 15 days. Young (Y; 6-month-old) mice were used as controls. In S brain, kidney, heart, and skeletal muscle (compared with Y animals) an increase in OS was observed as evidenced by increased protein-free carbonyls and decreased reduced glutathione levels as well as sirtuin 3, superoxide dismutase 2, catalase, thioredoxin and glutathione peroxidase protein levels. Well-recognized factors (eg, sirtuin 1) that regulate mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial structure- and/or function-related endpoints (eg, mitofilin and citrate synthase) protein levels were also reduced in S organs. In contrast, the aging biomarker senescence-associated β-galactosidase was increased in S compared with Y animals, and Epi administration reduced levels towards those observed in Y animals. Altogether, these data suggest that Epi is capable of shifting the biology of S mice towards that of Y animals.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1370-1378
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

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