The pathogenic trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica produce and secrete electron-dense granules (EDG) containing collagenase, considered a virulence factor. Two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) (L7.1 and L1.1) anti-EDG antigens were raised. MAb L7.1 has been reported to recognize proteic EDG antigens and MAb L1.1 reacted with a carbohydrate epitope. These epitopes were present in axenic and xenic amoebas. To detect EDG antigens by a enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in a experimental model of early intestinal amoebiasis, both MAbs were employed. E. histolytica HM1 axenic and monoxenic trophozoites were inoculated into the cecum according to the washed-closed cecal loop technique. The cecal content was recovered at 8, 24, and 48 h post-inoculation. Antigens from EDG in whole trophozoites and cell-free supernatants were detected. Our results indicate that it is possible to detect EDG antigens in the cecal content of hamsters in the early phase of the invasive amoebiasis.