Quality parameters and morphometric characterization of hot-air popcorn as related to moisture content

Santiago García-Pinilla, Gustavo F. Gutiérrez-López, Humberto Hernández-Sánchez, Gabriela Cáez-Ramírez, Evangelina García-Armenta, Liliana Alamilla-Beltrán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Upon popping, corn kernels undergo substantial dehydration. Initial moisture content of the kernel, popping method and temperature determine the final quality, and physical characteristics of the flakes. In this work, corn kernels (Zea Mays var Everta) at different moisture contents were subjected to hot-air popping and quality, physical and morphometric parameters of the flakes were evaluated, and related with their microstructural features. The best moisture content for hot-air popping was 9.14%. Macro and microstructural examination and digital image analysis of the flakes showed that, at the macro level, the roughness of the different flakes, as given by their fractal dimension (FD), were similar among morphologies, whereas at the microscale, it was possible to differentiate between them. Additionally, at the macro-scale, for the different morphologies high correlations were found between areas and the linear dimensions (Feret or width)FD of evaluated flakes. Moreover, when using the FD of the microstructures as the exponent, high correlations were also observed, which confirms an analog multiscale behavior between the roughness of the flakes and their microstructures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-89
Number of pages13
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021


  • digital image analysis
  • Hot-air popper
  • morpho-structure
  • multiscale
  • quality parameters


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