Prevalence of risk eating behaviors and metabolic syndrome in teenage school students of Morelos state

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Abstract

© 2018 SENPE and Arán Ediciones S.L. Introduction: metabolic syndrome (MS) is a health problem associated with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of MS in adolescents from Morelos is unknown. Certain risk eating behaviors (REB) may be associated with this phenotype. Objective: to determine the prevalence of MS in adolescents and its association with REB. Methods: cross-sectional study in junior high schools and high schools from Morelos. Anthropometric, clinical data, perception of body image and REB were investigated. MS was diagnosed with international criteria for adolescents and their association with REB was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to estimate adjusted odds ratios (OR adj ) and 95% confidence intervals (CI95). Results: a total of 869 adolescents aged 14.6 ± 1.6 years were studied. They reported 2.6 ± 1.8 REB; the overall score was 5.9 ± 0.33. The 16.6% presented moderate or high REB risk. The prevalence of MS (6.7%) was associated with the REB score (OR 1.2 [1.1-1.3]), a value that remained after adjusting for age, sex, breakfast omission, residence region, perception of body image and background family of obesity, diabetes, hypertension or infarction (ODHI), OR adj 1.2 (1.1-1.3), pseudo R 2 = 0.14, Chi-squared 16.7, p < 0.03. Conclusion: MS was more frequent in men, who were perceived to be thinner and with two or more family history of ODHI. It is suggested to influence the self-perception of overweight or obesity, to educate about compulsive behaviors, undergo diets, fasting and exercise to prevent MS.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)796-804
Number of pages715
JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018

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