Prevalence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxin in infants in Mexico

J. F. Torres, R. Cedillo, J. Sanchez, C. Dillman, S. Giono, O. Muñoz

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Abstract

The incidence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxic activity were determined in the feces of 122 children under 1 year of age. Samples were obtained from children receiving antibiotics and with (52 cases) or without (26 cases) diarrhea, from children with diarrhea who did not receive antibiotics (22 cases), and from healthy children (22 cases). Isolation of C. difficile in feces from children in all groups was similar (mean 23.4%) except for the group with non-antibiotic-associated diarrhea (4.5%). In both groups of children receiving antibiotics, with or without diarrhea, the cytotoxin was detected in 7.6% of the cases. In the group with non-antibiotic-associated diarrhea, none of the samples was positive for cytotoxicity. In healthy children, cytotoxin was positive in 4.5% of the cases.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)274-275
Number of pages246
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1984

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Clostridium difficile
Cytotoxins
Mexico
Diarrhea
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Feces
Incidence

Cite this

Torres, J. F., Cedillo, R., Sanchez, J., Dillman, C., Giono, S., & Muñoz, O. (1984). Prevalence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxin in infants in Mexico. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 274-275.
Torres, J. F. ; Cedillo, R. ; Sanchez, J. ; Dillman, C. ; Giono, S. ; Muñoz, O. / Prevalence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxin in infants in Mexico. In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1984 ; pp. 274-275.
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abstract = "The incidence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxic activity were determined in the feces of 122 children under 1 year of age. Samples were obtained from children receiving antibiotics and with (52 cases) or without (26 cases) diarrhea, from children with diarrhea who did not receive antibiotics (22 cases), and from healthy children (22 cases). Isolation of C. difficile in feces from children in all groups was similar (mean 23.4{\%}) except for the group with non-antibiotic-associated diarrhea (4.5{\%}). In both groups of children receiving antibiotics, with or without diarrhea, the cytotoxin was detected in 7.6{\%} of the cases. In the group with non-antibiotic-associated diarrhea, none of the samples was positive for cytotoxicity. In healthy children, cytotoxin was positive in 4.5{\%} of the cases.",
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Torres, JF, Cedillo, R, Sanchez, J, Dillman, C, Giono, S & Muñoz, O 1984, 'Prevalence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxin in infants in Mexico', Journal of Clinical Microbiology, pp. 274-275.

Prevalence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxin in infants in Mexico. / Torres, J. F.; Cedillo, R.; Sanchez, J.; Dillman, C.; Giono, S.; Muñoz, O.

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 01.12.1984, p. 274-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Torres JF, Cedillo R, Sanchez J, Dillman C, Giono S, Muñoz O. Prevalence of Clostridium difficile and its cytotoxin in infants in Mexico. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1984 Dec 1;274-275.