Possible combined effects of climate change, deforestation, and harvesting on the epiphyte Catopsis compacta: A multidisciplinary approach

Rafael F. Del Castillo, Sonia Trujillo-Argueta, Raul Rivera-García, Zaneli Gómez-Ocampo, Demetria Mondragón-Chaparro

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate change, habitat loss, and harvesting are potential drivers of species extinction. These factors are unlikely to act on isolation, but their combined effects are poorly understood. We explored these effects in Catopsis compacta, an epiphytic bromeliad commercially harvested in Oaxaca, Mexico. We analyzed local climate change projections, the dynamics of the vegetation patches, the distribution of Catopsis in the patches, together with population genetics and demographic information. A drying and warming climate trend projected by most climate change models may contribute to explain the poor forest regeneration. Catopsis shows a positive mean stochastic population growth. A PVA reveals that quasi-extinction probabilities are not significantly affected by the current levels of harvesting or by a high drop in the frequency of wet years (2%) but increase sharply when harvesting intensity duplicates. Genetic analyses show a high population genetic diversity, and no evidences of population subdivision or a past bottleneck. Colonization mostly takes place on hosts at the edges of the fragments. Over the last 27 years, the vegetation cover has being lost at a 0.028 years-1rate, but fragment perimeter has increased 0.076 years-1. The increases in fragment perimeter and vegetation openness, likely caused by climate change and logging, appear to increase the habitat of Catopsis, enhance gene flow, and maintain a growing and highly genetically diverse population, in spite of harvesting. Our study evidences conflicting requirements between the epiphytes and their hosts and antagonistic effects of climate change and fragmentation with harvesting on a species that can exploit open spaces in the forest. A full understanding of the consequences of potential threatening factors on species persistence or extinction requires the inspection of the interactions of these factors among each other and their effects on both the focus species and the species on which this species depends. © 2013 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3935-3946
Number of pages12
JournalEcology and Evolution
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2013

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epiphyte
deforestation
climate change
extinction
population genetics
vegetation
forest regeneration
epiphytes
founder effect
habitat destruction
vegetation cover
logging
global warming
open space
habitat loss
population growth
gene flow
demographic statistics
drying
Mexico

Cite this

Del Castillo, Rafael F. ; Trujillo-Argueta, Sonia ; Rivera-García, Raul ; Gómez-Ocampo, Zaneli ; Mondragón-Chaparro, Demetria. / Possible combined effects of climate change, deforestation, and harvesting on the epiphyte Catopsis compacta: A multidisciplinary approach. In: Ecology and Evolution. 2013 ; pp. 3935-3946.
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title = "Possible combined effects of climate change, deforestation, and harvesting on the epiphyte Catopsis compacta: A multidisciplinary approach",
abstract = "Climate change, habitat loss, and harvesting are potential drivers of species extinction. These factors are unlikely to act on isolation, but their combined effects are poorly understood. We explored these effects in Catopsis compacta, an epiphytic bromeliad commercially harvested in Oaxaca, Mexico. We analyzed local climate change projections, the dynamics of the vegetation patches, the distribution of Catopsis in the patches, together with population genetics and demographic information. A drying and warming climate trend projected by most climate change models may contribute to explain the poor forest regeneration. Catopsis shows a positive mean stochastic population growth. A PVA reveals that quasi-extinction probabilities are not significantly affected by the current levels of harvesting or by a high drop in the frequency of wet years (2{\%}) but increase sharply when harvesting intensity duplicates. Genetic analyses show a high population genetic diversity, and no evidences of population subdivision or a past bottleneck. Colonization mostly takes place on hosts at the edges of the fragments. Over the last 27 years, the vegetation cover has being lost at a 0.028 years-1rate, but fragment perimeter has increased 0.076 years-1. The increases in fragment perimeter and vegetation openness, likely caused by climate change and logging, appear to increase the habitat of Catopsis, enhance gene flow, and maintain a growing and highly genetically diverse population, in spite of harvesting. Our study evidences conflicting requirements between the epiphytes and their hosts and antagonistic effects of climate change and fragmentation with harvesting on a species that can exploit open spaces in the forest. A full understanding of the consequences of potential threatening factors on species persistence or extinction requires the inspection of the interactions of these factors among each other and their effects on both the focus species and the species on which this species depends. {\circledC} 2013 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
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Possible combined effects of climate change, deforestation, and harvesting on the epiphyte Catopsis compacta: A multidisciplinary approach. / Del Castillo, Rafael F.; Trujillo-Argueta, Sonia; Rivera-García, Raul; Gómez-Ocampo, Zaneli; Mondragón-Chaparro, Demetria.

In: Ecology and Evolution, 01.10.2013, p. 3935-3946.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Possible combined effects of climate change, deforestation, and harvesting on the epiphyte Catopsis compacta: A multidisciplinary approach

AU - Del Castillo, Rafael F.

AU - Trujillo-Argueta, Sonia

AU - Rivera-García, Raul

AU - Gómez-Ocampo, Zaneli

AU - Mondragón-Chaparro, Demetria

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - Climate change, habitat loss, and harvesting are potential drivers of species extinction. These factors are unlikely to act on isolation, but their combined effects are poorly understood. We explored these effects in Catopsis compacta, an epiphytic bromeliad commercially harvested in Oaxaca, Mexico. We analyzed local climate change projections, the dynamics of the vegetation patches, the distribution of Catopsis in the patches, together with population genetics and demographic information. A drying and warming climate trend projected by most climate change models may contribute to explain the poor forest regeneration. Catopsis shows a positive mean stochastic population growth. A PVA reveals that quasi-extinction probabilities are not significantly affected by the current levels of harvesting or by a high drop in the frequency of wet years (2%) but increase sharply when harvesting intensity duplicates. Genetic analyses show a high population genetic diversity, and no evidences of population subdivision or a past bottleneck. Colonization mostly takes place on hosts at the edges of the fragments. Over the last 27 years, the vegetation cover has being lost at a 0.028 years-1rate, but fragment perimeter has increased 0.076 years-1. The increases in fragment perimeter and vegetation openness, likely caused by climate change and logging, appear to increase the habitat of Catopsis, enhance gene flow, and maintain a growing and highly genetically diverse population, in spite of harvesting. Our study evidences conflicting requirements between the epiphytes and their hosts and antagonistic effects of climate change and fragmentation with harvesting on a species that can exploit open spaces in the forest. A full understanding of the consequences of potential threatening factors on species persistence or extinction requires the inspection of the interactions of these factors among each other and their effects on both the focus species and the species on which this species depends. © 2013 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

AB - Climate change, habitat loss, and harvesting are potential drivers of species extinction. These factors are unlikely to act on isolation, but their combined effects are poorly understood. We explored these effects in Catopsis compacta, an epiphytic bromeliad commercially harvested in Oaxaca, Mexico. We analyzed local climate change projections, the dynamics of the vegetation patches, the distribution of Catopsis in the patches, together with population genetics and demographic information. A drying and warming climate trend projected by most climate change models may contribute to explain the poor forest regeneration. Catopsis shows a positive mean stochastic population growth. A PVA reveals that quasi-extinction probabilities are not significantly affected by the current levels of harvesting or by a high drop in the frequency of wet years (2%) but increase sharply when harvesting intensity duplicates. Genetic analyses show a high population genetic diversity, and no evidences of population subdivision or a past bottleneck. Colonization mostly takes place on hosts at the edges of the fragments. Over the last 27 years, the vegetation cover has being lost at a 0.028 years-1rate, but fragment perimeter has increased 0.076 years-1. The increases in fragment perimeter and vegetation openness, likely caused by climate change and logging, appear to increase the habitat of Catopsis, enhance gene flow, and maintain a growing and highly genetically diverse population, in spite of harvesting. Our study evidences conflicting requirements between the epiphytes and their hosts and antagonistic effects of climate change and fragmentation with harvesting on a species that can exploit open spaces in the forest. A full understanding of the consequences of potential threatening factors on species persistence or extinction requires the inspection of the interactions of these factors among each other and their effects on both the focus species and the species on which this species depends. © 2013 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

U2 - 10.1002/ece3.765

DO - 10.1002/ece3.765

M3 - Article

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EP - 3946

JO - Ecology and Evolution

JF - Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2045-7758

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