© 2018, Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine. Objective: To examine the effect of metanol extract of Petiveria alliacea (PM) on airway inflammation in a murine model of chronic asthma. Methods: Two-month-old male BALB/c mice (n=6–8/group) were sensitized on days 0 and 14 by intraperitoneal injection of 20 μg ovalbumin (OVA). On day 25, the mice received an airway challenge with OVA (3%, w/v, in phosphate buffered saline). PM was administered orally by oral gavage to mice at doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight once daily from days 18 to 23. Control mice were orally administered phosphate buffered saline (PBS) to induce a model of asthma. At the end of the test, respiratory reactivity was assayed, the total cell number, interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, IL-13, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined and the levels of serum IgE, intercellular cell adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and eotoxin were measured. In addition, lung tissue was used to qualify the IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, TNF-α and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1). Histologic examination was performed to observe inflammatory cellular infiltration. Results: The administration of PM in comparison with the OVA-only treated group significantly attenuated the infiltration of eosinophils and other inflammatory cells (P<0.01). Airway resistance (RI) in the OVA-only induced group was significantly higher than that of the PBS control group (P<0.01) when methacholine was added. TNF-α, IgE, TGF-β1 and cytokine levels IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 in the BALF decreased compared to control mice (P<0.01 or P<0.05). PM treatment also inhibited the production of chemokines, eotaxin and ICAM-1 in BALF (P<0.01), which improved lung function. Histopathological examination revealed that the sensitized treated PM groups had significant lower in inflammatory scores similar to dexamethasone treatments and the untreated group. Conclusion: Administration of PM could inhibit airway inflammation, regulate cytokines, chemokines and enhance pulmonary conditions in allergic murine model of asthma.