Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics of the rheological and structural properties of linear and branched molecules. Simple shear and poiseuille flows; Instabilities and slip

Jorge Castillo-Tejas, Juan F.J. Alvarado, Guillermo González-Alatorre, Gabriel Luna-Bárcenas, Isaac C. Sanchez, Ricardo MacIas-Salinas, Octavio Manero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonequilibrium molecular-dynamics simulations are performed for linear and branched chain molecules to study their rheological and structural properties under simple shear and Poiseuille flows. Molecules are described by a spring-monomer model with a given intermolecular potential. The equations of motion are solved for shear and Poiseuille flows with Lees and Edward's [A. W. Lees and S. F. Edwards, J. Phys. C 5, 1921 (1972)] periodic boundary conditions. A multiple time-scale algorithm extended to nonequilibrium situations is used as the integration method, and the simulations are performed at constant temperature using Noś-Hoover [S. Noś, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 511 (1984)] dynamics. In simple shear, molecules with flow-induced ellipsoidal shape, having significant segment concentrations along the gradient and neutral directions, exhibit substantial flow resistance. Linear molecules have larger zero-shear-rate viscosity than that of branched molecules, however, this behavior reverses as the shear rate is increased. The relaxation time of the molecules is associated with segment concentrations directed along the gradient and neutral directions, and hence it depends on structure and molecular weight. The results of this study are in qualitative agreement with other simulation studies and with experimental data. The pressure (Poiseuille) flow is induced by an external force Fe simulated by confining the molecules in the region between surfaces which have attractive forces. Conditions at the boundary strongly influence the type of the slip flow predicted. A parabolic velocity profile with apparent slip on the wall is predicted under weakly attractive wall conditions, independent of molecular structure. In the case of strongly attractive walls, a layer of adhered molecules to the wall produces an abrupt distortion of the velocity profile which leads to slip between fluid layers with magnitude that depends on the molecular structure. Finally, the molecular deformation under flow depends on the attractive force of the wall, in such a way that molecules are highly deformed in the case of strong attracting walls. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

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laminar flow
shear flow
Molecular dynamics
Structural properties
slip
molecular dynamics
Molecules
molecules
shear
Shear deformation
Molecular structure
molecular structure
velocity distribution
escape velocity
slip flow
flow resistance
gradients
simulation
confining
Relaxation time

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Castillo-Tejas, Jorge ; Alvarado, Juan F.J. ; González-Alatorre, Guillermo ; Luna-Bárcenas, Gabriel ; Sanchez, Isaac C. ; MacIas-Salinas, Ricardo ; Manero, Octavio. / Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics of the rheological and structural properties of linear and branched molecules. Simple shear and poiseuille flows; Instabilities and slip. In: Journal of Chemical Physics. 2005.
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abstract = "Nonequilibrium molecular-dynamics simulations are performed for linear and branched chain molecules to study their rheological and structural properties under simple shear and Poiseuille flows. Molecules are described by a spring-monomer model with a given intermolecular potential. The equations of motion are solved for shear and Poiseuille flows with Lees and Edward's [A. W. Lees and S. F. Edwards, J. Phys. C 5, 1921 (1972)] periodic boundary conditions. A multiple time-scale algorithm extended to nonequilibrium situations is used as the integration method, and the simulations are performed at constant temperature using Noś-Hoover [S. Noś, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 511 (1984)] dynamics. In simple shear, molecules with flow-induced ellipsoidal shape, having significant segment concentrations along the gradient and neutral directions, exhibit substantial flow resistance. Linear molecules have larger zero-shear-rate viscosity than that of branched molecules, however, this behavior reverses as the shear rate is increased. The relaxation time of the molecules is associated with segment concentrations directed along the gradient and neutral directions, and hence it depends on structure and molecular weight. The results of this study are in qualitative agreement with other simulation studies and with experimental data. The pressure (Poiseuille) flow is induced by an external force Fe simulated by confining the molecules in the region between surfaces which have attractive forces. Conditions at the boundary strongly influence the type of the slip flow predicted. A parabolic velocity profile with apparent slip on the wall is predicted under weakly attractive wall conditions, independent of molecular structure. In the case of strongly attractive walls, a layer of adhered molecules to the wall produces an abrupt distortion of the velocity profile which leads to slip between fluid layers with magnitude that depends on the molecular structure. Finally, the molecular deformation under flow depends on the attractive force of the wall, in such a way that molecules are highly deformed in the case of strong attracting walls. {\circledC} 2005 American Institute of Physics.",
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Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics of the rheological and structural properties of linear and branched molecules. Simple shear and poiseuille flows; Instabilities and slip. / Castillo-Tejas, Jorge; Alvarado, Juan F.J.; González-Alatorre, Guillermo; Luna-Bárcenas, Gabriel; Sanchez, Isaac C.; MacIas-Salinas, Ricardo; Manero, Octavio.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, 05.09.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Castillo-Tejas, Jorge

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