NAFTA and the United States and Mexico maize belts 1994–2017

José Osorio-Antonia, Lila Margarita Bada-Carbajal, Luis Arturo Rivas-Tovar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, the impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on the agribusinesses of corn production in Mexico is analyzed, taking into special consideration the policy of encouragement to small producers, productive restructuring and identification of positive and negative effects. Second, the evolution of the US–Mexican maize belts (1994–2017) is analyzed, establishing the economic and political impacts with respect to NAFTA. Design/methodology/approach: The paper opted for a documentary meta-analysis study using data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the System of Agricultural and Fishery Information (SIAP) in Mexico. The data were completed with documentary analysis of research on maize productivity. Findings: Provided is the information about the impacts of maize belts in the United States (US) and Mexico, where it was determined that the leading states maintained productive hegemony to a greater and lesser extent and that Mexico experienced a productive reorientation. The findings show that it is a myth that there are losers in the maize agroindustry of Mexico and the United States as it is suggested that after twenty-four years they have become complementary. Research limitations/implications: Summarized is the state of knowledge from 1994 to 2017, aligned to the databases of the United States and Mexico. Originality/value: A need to study the relation between the productive evolution of maize production and NAFTA is identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-402
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies
Issue number4
StatePublished - 29 Jul 2020


  • Impacts
  • Maize
  • Maize belt
  • Maize producers
  • Mexico
  • Productivity evolution
  • United States


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