Different formulations based on nanoparticles of chitosan-plant extracts were evaluated to detect the infection process from the earliest stage of the fungus Rhizopus stolonifer on strawberry fruit during storage. Chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol (Ch/PVA) and chitosan/polyvinylpyrrolidone (Ch/PVP) films enriched with nanoparticles (NPs) of chitosan blended with plant extracts were prepared. They were placed inside a plastic package containing inoculated fruits and stored at 25 °C for 72 h. The thickness values of the films were in the range of 0.10 to 0.25 mm. All samples showed a maximum absorbance peak of about 300–320 nm; however, the Ch/PVP films enriched with NPs of chitosan and 10% of radish extract had an evident decrease in the optical absorbance as the fungal infection progressed. Additionally, as observed by scanning electron microscopy, the cross-section and surface morphology of films were not modified during storage, and the growth of R. stolonifer was evident after 48 h. Therefore, the Ch/PVP films enriched with chitosan NPs blended with 10% radish extract could be a reliable indicator of this fungus's growth.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2021|
- Intelligent films
- Microbiological assays