Monitoring the infection process of Rhizopus stolonifer on strawberry fruit during storage using films based on chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol/polyvinylpyrrolidone and plant extracts

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Abstract

Different formulations based on nanoparticles of chitosan-plant extracts were evaluated to detect the infection process from the earliest stage of the fungus Rhizopus stolonifer on strawberry fruit during storage. Chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol (Ch/PVA) and chitosan/polyvinylpyrrolidone (Ch/PVP) films enriched with nanoparticles (NPs) of chitosan blended with plant extracts were prepared. They were placed inside a plastic package containing inoculated fruits and stored at 25 °C for 72 h. The thickness values of the films were in the range of 0.10 to 0.25 mm. All samples showed a maximum absorbance peak of about 300–320 nm; however, the Ch/PVP films enriched with NPs of chitosan and 10% of radish extract had an evident decrease in the optical absorbance as the fungal infection progressed. Additionally, as observed by scanning electron microscopy, the cross-section and surface morphology of films were not modified during storage, and the growth of R. stolonifer was evident after 48 h. Therefore, the Ch/PVP films enriched with chitosan NPs blended with 10% radish extract could be a reliable indicator of this fungus's growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-594
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Intelligent films
  • Microbiological assays
  • Nanoparticles

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