Mechanisms involved in the vasorelaxant effects produced by the acute application of amfepramone in vitro to rat aortic rings

J. S. López-Canales, J. Lozano-Cuenca, E. Muñoz-Islas, J. C. Aguilar-Carrasco, O. A. López-Canales, R. M. López-Mayorga, E. F. Castillo-Henkel, I. Valencia-Hernández, C. Castillo-Henkel

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Abstract

©. 2015 Associacao Brasileira de Divulgacao Cientifica. Amfepramone (diethylpropion) is an appetite-suppressant drug used for the treatment of overweight and obesity. It has been suggested that the systemic and central activity of amfepramone produces cardiovascular effects such as transient ischemic attacks and primary pulmonary hypertension. However, it is not known whether amfepramone produces immediate vascular effects when applied in vitro to rat aortic rings and, if so, what mechanisms may be involved. We analyzed the effect of amfepramone on phenylephrine-precontracted rat aortic rings with or without endothelium and the influence of inhibitors or blockers on this effect. Amfepram one produced a concentration-dependent vasorelaxation in phenylephrine-precontracted rat aortic rings that was not affected by the vehicle, atropine, 4-AP, glibenclamide, indomethacin, clotrimazole, or cycloheximide. The vasorelaxant effect of amfepramone was significantly attenuated by NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and tetraethylammonium (TEA), and was blocked by removal of the vascular endothelium. These results suggest that amfepramone had a direct vasorelaxant effect on phenylephrine-precontracted rat aortic rings, and that inhibition of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and the opening of Ca 2+ -activated K + channels were involved in this effect.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)537-544
Number of pages8
JournalBrazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

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