Longitudinal and temporal hydrochemical variations in the duero river

Martha A. Velázquez-Machuca, José L. Pimentel-Equihua, Manuel Ortega-Escobar

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Abstract

The Duero river drains a basin of 3 512 km2 in the northwest of the state of Michoacán and receives wastewater from about 400 thousand inhabitants and agricultural drainage of 20 000 ha, thus creating a potential contamination problem. In order to determine the longitudinal and temporary variations in the Duero hydrochemistry and related factors, physical-chemical analyses (pH, CE, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, HCO3-, Cl-, SO42-, P) were carried out in water samples in four and two (Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn) sampling dates during 2006 and 2007 in 12 sites of the current. The river waters were of mixed-bicarbonate and sodium-bicarbonate composition, of the type C1S1 and C2S1, ranking as eutrophic for their concentration of phosphorus. Due to the concentration of contaminants, the river exhibited two different sections: Carapan-Las Adjuntas and Los Espinos-Ibarra, as a result of intense human activity on the stream. The average concentration of Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn were 52.7, 37.3, 14.2, 24.9 and 16.0 m g L-1. The factors associated with water chemistry were: 1) rainfall-river flow; 2) domestic drainage; 3) agricultural drainage; 4) weathering of carbonate rocks; 5) weathering of basaltic rocks.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)599-609
Number of pages11
JournalAgrociencia
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

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