Lipid index determination by liquid fluorescence recovery in the fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis

Lucero Romero-Aguilar, Mónica Montero-Lomeli, Juan Pablo Pardo, Guadalupe Guerra-Sánchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


© 2018, Journal of Visualized Experiments. All rights reserved. The article shows how to implement the LD index assay, which is a sensitive microplate assay to determine the accumulation of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in lipid droplets (LDs). LD index is obtained without lipid extraction. It allows measuring the LDs content in high-throughput experiments under different conditions such as growth in rich or nitrogen depleted media. Albeit the method was described for the first time to study the lipid droplet metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it was successfully applied to the basidiomycete Ustilago maydis. Interestingly, and because LDs are organelles phylogenetically conserved in eukaryotic cells, the method can be applied to a large variety of cells, from yeast to mammalian cells. The LD index is based on the liquid fluorescence recovery assay (LFR) of the BODIPY 493/503 under quenching conditions, by the addition of cells fixed with formaldehyde. Potassium iodine is used as a fluorescence quencher. The ratio between the fluorescence and the optical density slopes is named LD index. Slopes are calculated from the straight lines obtained when BODIPY fluorescence and optical density at 600 nm (OD600) are plotted against sample addition. Optimal data quality is reflected by correlation coefficients equal or above 0.9 (r ≥ 0.9). Multiple samples can be read simultaneously as it can be implemented in a microplate. Since BODIPY 493/503 is a lipophilic fluorescent dye that partitions into the lipid droplets, it can be used in many types of cells that accumulate LDs.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Lipid index determination by liquid fluorescence recovery in the fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this