Is an intermediate state populated on the folding pathway of ubiquitin?

Heather M. Went, Claudia G. Benitez-Cardoza, Sophie E. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations


In the last couple of years, there has been increasing debate as to the presence and role of intermediate states on the folding pathways of several small proteins, including the 76-residue protein ubiquitin. Here, we present detailed kinetic studies to establish whether an intermediate state is ever populated during the folding of this protein. We show that the differences observed in previous studies are attributable to the transient aggregation of the protein during folding. Using a highly soluble construct of ubiquitin, which does not aggregate during folding, we establish the conditions in which an intermediate state is sufficiently stable to be observed by kinetic measurements. © 2004 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)333-338
Number of pages6
JournalFEBS Letters
StatePublished - 4 Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes


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