Influence of neighboring base sequence on mutagenesis induced by in vitro misincorporation in the lacI gene of Escherichia coli

Rogelio Maldonado-Rodriguez, Mercedes Espinosa-Lara, Kenneth L. Beattie

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Genetic and electrophoretic assays of misincorporation were used to assess the effect of DNA sequence on mutagenesis arising from in vitro DNA synthesis within the lacI gene of Escherichia coli. The viral strand of a derivative of phage M13 containing the entire lacI gene was annealed with a series of synthetic oligonucleotides complementary to the N-terminal region of the lacI gene. Each primer-template was incubated with E. coli DNA polymerase I (Klenow fragment) under conditions favoring misincorporation, wherein one of the 4 dNTPs was lacking ('minus' reaction) or present at very low concentration ('micro' reaction). The extent of elongation of each primer was assessed by gel electrophoresis, and lacI mutants arising during the misincorporation reactions were detected by a transfection assay in which i- base substitutions within the in vitro synthesized strand were selectively recovered by the use of uracil-containing templates. Direct dideoxy sequencing of the '-A' reaction products and sequence analysis of i- mutant progeny revealed a vast predominance of single and non-tandem multiple base transitions. The addition of small quantities of dATP to a '-A' reaction increased the mutation yield and broadened the distribution of base substitutions along the template. We detected a general bias towards increased base substitution at template positions flanked by G · C base pairs or 5′-pyrimidine, 3′-purine nearest neighbors, although considerable site-to-site variation in the occurence of base substitutions was seen, even within identical nearest neighbor contexts. © 1991.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages194
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes


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