Incidence of pests in grafts of tomato (Solarium lycopersicum) on wild relatives

Juan Carlos Álvarez-Hernández, Hipólito Cortez-Madrigal, Ignacio García-Ruiz, Luis Fernando Ceja-Torres, Juan Francisco Pérez-Domínguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To understand the incidence of pests in tomato grafts on relative wilds, weekly samplings were implemented from November 17, 2007 to February 16, 2008 in Ciudad Morelos, municipality of Paracuaro, Michoacán, México. Thirteen treatments were established: six wild ecotypes of Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme ("tinguaraque"), six grafts of the tomato cv Toro® onto tinguaraques, and one control (cv Toro®). The main species of insects reported were Bemisia tabaci, Bactericera cockerelli and Aphis gossypii. Small fruit tinguaraques (1.05-1.22 × 1.10-1.25 cm polar and equatorial diameter) had a lower incidence of insects than big fruit tinguaraques (2.12-2.23 × 2.41-2.55 cm polar and equatorial diameter) and the tomato cv Toro. Pest resistance was also manifested in the grafts, where the incidence of insects was from 1.7 to three times lower than in tomato; grafts on Grande Apatzingan (GAp) were resistant to B. tabaci (5.87 ±4.61), adult B. cockerelli (1.37 ± 1.18) and A. gossypii (1.5 ± 1.2). In tomato, the incidence of those insects was 9.74 ± 8.52,2.26 ± 1.99 and 4.8 ± 5.2, respectively. The results suggest that the technique of grafting onto wild relatives has potential in programs of integrated management of tomato pests.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)150-155
Number of pages134
JournalRevista Colombiana de Entomologia
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2009

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wild relatives
Grafts
pests
tomatoes
incidence
Fruits
Bactericera cockerelli
insects
Aphis gossypii
Bemisia tabaci
Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
pest resistance
grafting (plants)
Sampling
ecotypes
small fruits
fruits

Cite this

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title = "Incidence of pests in grafts of tomato (Solarium lycopersicum) on wild relatives",
abstract = "To understand the incidence of pests in tomato grafts on relative wilds, weekly samplings were implemented from November 17, 2007 to February 16, 2008 in Ciudad Morelos, municipality of Paracuaro, Michoac{\'a}n, M{\'e}xico. Thirteen treatments were established: six wild ecotypes of Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme ({"}tinguaraque{"}), six grafts of the tomato cv Toro{\circledR} onto tinguaraques, and one control (cv Toro{\circledR}). The main species of insects reported were Bemisia tabaci, Bactericera cockerelli and Aphis gossypii. Small fruit tinguaraques (1.05-1.22 × 1.10-1.25 cm polar and equatorial diameter) had a lower incidence of insects than big fruit tinguaraques (2.12-2.23 × 2.41-2.55 cm polar and equatorial diameter) and the tomato cv Toro. Pest resistance was also manifested in the grafts, where the incidence of insects was from 1.7 to three times lower than in tomato; grafts on Grande Apatzingan (GAp) were resistant to B. tabaci (5.87 ±4.61), adult B. cockerelli (1.37 ± 1.18) and A. gossypii (1.5 ± 1.2). In tomato, the incidence of those insects was 9.74 ± 8.52,2.26 ± 1.99 and 4.8 ± 5.2, respectively. The results suggest that the technique of grafting onto wild relatives has potential in programs of integrated management of tomato pests.",
author = "{\'A}lvarez-Hern{\'a}ndez, {Juan Carlos} and Hip{\'o}lito Cortez-Madrigal and Ignacio Garc{\'i}a-Ruiz and Ceja-Torres, {Luis Fernando} and P{\'e}rez-Dom{\'i}nguez, {Juan Francisco}",
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Incidence of pests in grafts of tomato (Solarium lycopersicum) on wild relatives. / Álvarez-Hernández, Juan Carlos; Cortez-Madrigal, Hipólito; García-Ruiz, Ignacio; Ceja-Torres, Luis Fernando; Pérez-Domínguez, Juan Francisco.

In: Revista Colombiana de Entomologia, 01.12.2009, p. 150-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Álvarez-Hernández, Juan Carlos

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