In Vitro and Computational Studies of Perezone and Perezone Angelate as Potential Anti-Glioblastoma Multiforme Agents

Maricarmen Hernández-Rodríguez, Pablo I. Mendoza Sánchez, Joel Martínez, Martha E. Macías Pérez, Erika Rosales Cruz, Teresa Żołek, Dorota Maciejewska, René Miranda Ruvalcaba, Elvia Mera Jiménez, María I. Nicolás-Vázquez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) represents the most malignant type of astrocytoma, with a life expectancy of two years. It has been shown that Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) protein is over-expressed in GBM cells, while its expression in healthy tissue is low. In addition, perezone, a phyto-compound, is a PARP-1 inhibitor with anti-neoplastic activity. As a consequence, in the present study, both in vitro and computational evaluations of perezone and its chemically related compound, perezone angelate, as anti-GBM agents were performed. Hence, the anti-proliferative assay showed that perezone angelate induces higher cytotoxicity in the GBM cell line (U373 IC50 = 6.44 µM) than perezone (U373 IC50 = 51.20 µM) by induction of apoptosis. In addition, perezone angelate showed low cytotoxic activity in rat glial cells (IC50 = 173.66 µM). PARP-1 inhibitory activity (IC50 = 5.25 µM) and oxidative stress induction by perezone angelate were corroborated employing in vitro studies. In the other hand, the performed docking studies allowed explaining the PARP-1 inhibitory activity of perezone angelate, and ADMET studies showed its probability to permeate cell membranes and the blood–brain barrier, which is an essential characteristic of drugs to treat neurological diseases. Finally, it is essential to highlight that the results confirm perezone angelate as a potential anti-GBM agent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1565
JournalMolecules
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Anti-neoplastic activity
  • Computational studies
  • Drug-likeness
  • Glioblas-toma multiforme
  • Phyto-compounds

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