Improved pheromone-based trapping systems to monitor Toxotrypana curvicauda (Diptera: Tephritidae)

R. R. Heath, N. D. Epsky, A. Jimenez, B. D. Dueben, P. J. Landolt, W. L. Meyer, M. Aluja, J. Rizzo, M. Camino, F. Jeronimo, R. M. Baranowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A membrane-based formulation method that provided a constant release rate of synthetic pheromone for the papaya fruit fly, Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker, was developed. Release rate measurements over 23 days indicated that lures loaded with 5, 15, 25, and 50 μl of synthetic pheromone released an average of 120, 360, 580 and 1120 ng per hr and the half-life of the lures was estimated to be 67, 184, 300 and 48 days, respectively. Field tests conducted in Mexico compared efficacy of blank and pheromone-baited sticky green spheres, cylindrical traps made from green opaque plastic that either contained a toxicant or were coated with sticky material, and cylindrical traps prepared from green sticky paper. Green opaque traps containing a toxicant and sticky paper traps captured approximately five times more papaya fruit flies than either the sticky-coated green opaque traps or the sticky-coated green spheres, and the presence of pheromone did not affect numbers of flies captured. Thus, the combination of the green color and the cylindrical shape provided a visual cue sufficient for papaya fruit fly capture. The pheromone lure significantly increased trap capture in similar tests conducted in Guatemala. Capture was highest in the sticky paper traps and in sticky-coated spheres. Use of the membrane-based synthetic pheromone in a cylindrical trap may provide an effective tool for monitoring papaya fruit flies.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalFlorida Entomologist
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996

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Toxotrypana curvicauda
Tephritidae
pheromone
pheromones
trapping
traps
monitoring
fruit
toxic substances
membrane
visual cue
pheromone traps
Guatemala
half life
plastic
plastics
Mexico
testing

Cite this

Heath, R. R., Epsky, N. D., Jimenez, A., Dueben, B. D., Landolt, P. J., Meyer, W. L., ... Baranowski, R. M. (1996). Improved pheromone-based trapping systems to monitor Toxotrypana curvicauda (Diptera: Tephritidae). Florida Entomologist, 37-48. https://doi.org/10.2307/3495752
Heath, R. R. ; Epsky, N. D. ; Jimenez, A. ; Dueben, B. D. ; Landolt, P. J. ; Meyer, W. L. ; Aluja, M. ; Rizzo, J. ; Camino, M. ; Jeronimo, F. ; Baranowski, R. M. / Improved pheromone-based trapping systems to monitor Toxotrypana curvicauda (Diptera: Tephritidae). In: Florida Entomologist. 1996 ; pp. 37-48.
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abstract = "A membrane-based formulation method that provided a constant release rate of synthetic pheromone for the papaya fruit fly, Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker, was developed. Release rate measurements over 23 days indicated that lures loaded with 5, 15, 25, and 50 μl of synthetic pheromone released an average of 120, 360, 580 and 1120 ng per hr and the half-life of the lures was estimated to be 67, 184, 300 and 48 days, respectively. Field tests conducted in Mexico compared efficacy of blank and pheromone-baited sticky green spheres, cylindrical traps made from green opaque plastic that either contained a toxicant or were coated with sticky material, and cylindrical traps prepared from green sticky paper. Green opaque traps containing a toxicant and sticky paper traps captured approximately five times more papaya fruit flies than either the sticky-coated green opaque traps or the sticky-coated green spheres, and the presence of pheromone did not affect numbers of flies captured. Thus, the combination of the green color and the cylindrical shape provided a visual cue sufficient for papaya fruit fly capture. The pheromone lure significantly increased trap capture in similar tests conducted in Guatemala. Capture was highest in the sticky paper traps and in sticky-coated spheres. Use of the membrane-based synthetic pheromone in a cylindrical trap may provide an effective tool for monitoring papaya fruit flies.",
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Heath, RR, Epsky, ND, Jimenez, A, Dueben, BD, Landolt, PJ, Meyer, WL, Aluja, M, Rizzo, J, Camino, M, Jeronimo, F & Baranowski, RM 1996, 'Improved pheromone-based trapping systems to monitor Toxotrypana curvicauda (Diptera: Tephritidae)', Florida Entomologist, pp. 37-48. https://doi.org/10.2307/3495752

Improved pheromone-based trapping systems to monitor Toxotrypana curvicauda (Diptera: Tephritidae). / Heath, R. R.; Epsky, N. D.; Jimenez, A.; Dueben, B. D.; Landolt, P. J.; Meyer, W. L.; Aluja, M.; Rizzo, J.; Camino, M.; Jeronimo, F.; Baranowski, R. M.

In: Florida Entomologist, 01.01.1996, p. 37-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Heath, R. R.

AU - Epsky, N. D.

AU - Jimenez, A.

AU - Dueben, B. D.

AU - Landolt, P. J.

AU - Meyer, W. L.

AU - Aluja, M.

AU - Rizzo, J.

AU - Camino, M.

AU - Jeronimo, F.

AU - Baranowski, R. M.

PY - 1996/1/1

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N2 - A membrane-based formulation method that provided a constant release rate of synthetic pheromone for the papaya fruit fly, Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker, was developed. Release rate measurements over 23 days indicated that lures loaded with 5, 15, 25, and 50 μl of synthetic pheromone released an average of 120, 360, 580 and 1120 ng per hr and the half-life of the lures was estimated to be 67, 184, 300 and 48 days, respectively. Field tests conducted in Mexico compared efficacy of blank and pheromone-baited sticky green spheres, cylindrical traps made from green opaque plastic that either contained a toxicant or were coated with sticky material, and cylindrical traps prepared from green sticky paper. Green opaque traps containing a toxicant and sticky paper traps captured approximately five times more papaya fruit flies than either the sticky-coated green opaque traps or the sticky-coated green spheres, and the presence of pheromone did not affect numbers of flies captured. Thus, the combination of the green color and the cylindrical shape provided a visual cue sufficient for papaya fruit fly capture. The pheromone lure significantly increased trap capture in similar tests conducted in Guatemala. Capture was highest in the sticky paper traps and in sticky-coated spheres. Use of the membrane-based synthetic pheromone in a cylindrical trap may provide an effective tool for monitoring papaya fruit flies.

AB - A membrane-based formulation method that provided a constant release rate of synthetic pheromone for the papaya fruit fly, Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker, was developed. Release rate measurements over 23 days indicated that lures loaded with 5, 15, 25, and 50 μl of synthetic pheromone released an average of 120, 360, 580 and 1120 ng per hr and the half-life of the lures was estimated to be 67, 184, 300 and 48 days, respectively. Field tests conducted in Mexico compared efficacy of blank and pheromone-baited sticky green spheres, cylindrical traps made from green opaque plastic that either contained a toxicant or were coated with sticky material, and cylindrical traps prepared from green sticky paper. Green opaque traps containing a toxicant and sticky paper traps captured approximately five times more papaya fruit flies than either the sticky-coated green opaque traps or the sticky-coated green spheres, and the presence of pheromone did not affect numbers of flies captured. Thus, the combination of the green color and the cylindrical shape provided a visual cue sufficient for papaya fruit fly capture. The pheromone lure significantly increased trap capture in similar tests conducted in Guatemala. Capture was highest in the sticky paper traps and in sticky-coated spheres. Use of the membrane-based synthetic pheromone in a cylindrical trap may provide an effective tool for monitoring papaya fruit flies.

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DO - 10.2307/3495752

M3 - Article

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JF - Florida Entomologist

SN - 0015-4040

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