Impact of intestinal mannitol on hyperammonemia, oxidative stress and severity of hepatic encephalopathy in the ED

Daniel H. Montes-Cortés, José L. Novelo-Del Valle, Ivonne M. Olivares-Corichi, José V. Rosas-Barrientos, Luis J. Jara, María Pilar Cruz-Domínguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Hyperammonemia results from hepatic inability to remove nitrogenous products generated by protein metabolism of intestinal microbiota, which leads to hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in chronic liver disease (CLD). In ammonium neurotoxicity, oxidative stress (OxS) plays a pathogenic role. Our objective was to evaluate if intestinal mannitol is as effective and safe as conventional treatment for diminishing hyperammonemia, OxS, and HE in patients with CLD. Material and methods: We included 30 patients with HE classified by “Haven Criteria for Hepatic Encephalopathy”. They were randomized into two groups: 1) Mannitol Group (MG) with mannitol 20% administered into the intestine by an enema, 2) conventional group (CG) with lactulose 40 g enema both substances were diluted in 800 mL of double distilled solution every 6 h; all patients received neomycin. We evaluated ammonia concentration, plasma oxidative stress, HE severity, intestinal discomfort and adverse effects. Results: Hyperammonemia (171 ± 104 vs 79 ± 49 μmol ammonia/L, p < 0.01), and oxidative stress (MDA 29 vs 27%, formazan 15 vs 11%, carbonyls 16 vs 9% and dityrosines 10 vs 5%) were reduced in MG and CG respectively. The HE severity decreased by two degrees compared to baseline values in both groups. Intestinal discomfort and electrolyte plasma alterations were less frequent (p < 0.05) in MG than CG. Conclusions: Intestinal mannitol is as effective and safe as conventional treatment for reducing hyperammonemia, oxidative stress, and hepatic encephalopathy of CLD patients in the emergency room. Likewise, mannitol is better tolerated than conventional treatment.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1570-1576
Number of pages1412
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

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