Identification of capsule, biofilm, lateral flagellum, and type IV pili in Vibrio mimicus strains

J. J. Tercero-Alburo, H. González-Márquez, E. Bonilla-González, E. I. Quiñones-Ramírez, C. Vázquez-Salinas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Vibrio mimicus is a bacterium that causes gastroenteritis; it is closely related to Vibrio cholerae, and can cause acute diarrhea like cholera- or dysentery-type diarrhea. It is distributed worldwide. Factors associated with virulence (such as hemolysins, enterotoxins, proteases, phospholipases, aerobactin, and hemagglutinin) have been identified; however, its pathogenicity mechanism is still unknown. In pathogenic Vibrio species such as V.cholerae, Vibrio. parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus, capsule, biofilms, lateral flagellum, and type IV pili are structures described as essential for pathogenicity. These structures had not been described in V.mimicus until this work. We used 20 V.mimicus strains isolated from water (6), oyster (9), and fish (5) samples and we were able to identify the capsule, biofilm, lateral flagellum, and type IV pili through phenotypic tests, electron microscopy, PCR, and sequencing. In all tested strains, we observed and identified the presence of capsular exopolysaccharide, biofilm formation in an invitro model, as well as swarming, multiple flagellation, and pili. In addition, we identified homologous genes to those described in other bacteria of the genus in which these structures have been found. Identification of these structures in V.mimicus is a contribution to the biology of this organism and can help to reveal its pathogenic behavior.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages68
JournalMicrobial Pathogenesis
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014

Fingerprint

Vibrio mimicus
Flagella
Biofilms
Capsules
Virulence
Vibrio cholerae
Diarrhea
Vibrio vulnificus
Bacteria
Ostreidae
Dysentery
Hemolysin Proteins
Vibrio
Phospholipases
Cholera
Enterotoxins
Gastroenteritis
Hemagglutinins
Electron Microscopy
Fishes

Cite this

Tercero-Alburo, J. J. ; González-Márquez, H. ; Bonilla-González, E. ; Quiñones-Ramírez, E. I. ; Vázquez-Salinas, C. / Identification of capsule, biofilm, lateral flagellum, and type IV pili in Vibrio mimicus strains. In: Microbial Pathogenesis. 2014 ; pp. 77-83.
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Identification of capsule, biofilm, lateral flagellum, and type IV pili in Vibrio mimicus strains. / Tercero-Alburo, J. J.; González-Márquez, H.; Bonilla-González, E.; Quiñones-Ramírez, E. I.; Vázquez-Salinas, C.

In: Microbial Pathogenesis, 01.11.2014, p. 77-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Tercero-Alburo, J. J.

AU - González-Márquez, H.

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