High-Biofidelity Biomodel Generated from Three-Dimensional Imaging (Cone-Beam Computed Tomography): A Methodological Proposal

Rosa Alicia Hernández-Vázquez, Guillermo Urriolagoitia-Sosa, Rodrigo Arturo Marquet-Rivera, Beatriz Romero-Ángeles, Octavio Alejandro Mastache-Miranda, Juan Alejandro Vázquez-Feijoo, Guillermo Urriolagoitia-Calderón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2020 Rosa Alicia Hernández-Vázquez et al. Experimental research on living beings faces several obstacles, which are more than ethical and moral issues. One of the proposed solutions to these situations is the computational modelling of anatomical structures. The present study shows a methodology for obtaining high-biofidelity biomodels, where a novel imagenological technique is used, which applies several CAM/CAD computer programs that allow a better precision for obtaining a biomodel, with highly accurate morphological specifications of the molar and tissues that shape the biomodel. The biomodel developed is the first lower molar subjected to a basic chewing simulation through the application of the finite element method, resulting in a viable model, able to be subjected to various simulations to analyse molar biomechanical characteristics, as well as pathological conditions to evaluate restorative materials and develop treatment plans. When research is focused in medical and dental investigation aspects, numerical analyses could allow the implementation of several tools commonly used by mechanical engineers to provide new answers to old problems in these areas. With this methodology, it is possible to perform high-fidelity models no matter the size of the anatomical structure, nor the complexity of its structure and internal tissues. So, it can be used in any area of medicine.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalComputational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

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