Factors driving deforestation in common-pool resources in northern Mexico

Gustavo Perez-Verdin, Yeon Su Kim, Denver Hospodarsky, Aregai Tecle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The theory of collective action has been extensively used to explain the relationship between common-based property regimes and the conservation of natural resources. However, there are two key components of the theory that literature reports as puzzles in which no consensus exists about their effect on the performance of common-pool resources. These are group size and heterogeneity. This study analyzes the effects of these two key components on the effectiveness of community-based forestry, called ejidos, to protect their forest resources in northern Mexico. We used a multinomial logit model to determine the contribution of 16 explanatory variables to the dependent variable, a measure of success of ejidos defined by the presence of deforested, degraded, or forested conditions. The results show that corn yield, marginality, percent of forest area, total population, a forest value index, distance to markets, roads and towns, were all statistically significant in driving deforested conditions. Deforestation becomes more attractive for poor communities and as corn yield and distance to towns, roads, and markets decrease. In general, group size and heterogeneity had no significant effects on the presence of deforested conditions. Deforestation is driven by resource-specific characteristics, such as location and soil productivity, not by ejidos' attributes, such as total area or number of members. We argue that current institutional policies focusing on the structure of property right arrangements should be shifted (1) to provide better technology for land cultivation; (2) to reduce the marginality problem in poor communities; and (3) to strengthen local institutions. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)331-340
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Deforestation
deforestation
group size
Forestry
Natural resources
resource
maize
road
Conservation
market
collective action
Productivity
forest resource
Soils
forestry
natural resource
productivity
effect
soil

Cite this

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abstract = "The theory of collective action has been extensively used to explain the relationship between common-based property regimes and the conservation of natural resources. However, there are two key components of the theory that literature reports as puzzles in which no consensus exists about their effect on the performance of common-pool resources. These are group size and heterogeneity. This study analyzes the effects of these two key components on the effectiveness of community-based forestry, called ejidos, to protect their forest resources in northern Mexico. We used a multinomial logit model to determine the contribution of 16 explanatory variables to the dependent variable, a measure of success of ejidos defined by the presence of deforested, degraded, or forested conditions. The results show that corn yield, marginality, percent of forest area, total population, a forest value index, distance to markets, roads and towns, were all statistically significant in driving deforested conditions. Deforestation becomes more attractive for poor communities and as corn yield and distance to towns, roads, and markets decrease. In general, group size and heterogeneity had no significant effects on the presence of deforested conditions. Deforestation is driven by resource-specific characteristics, such as location and soil productivity, not by ejidos' attributes, such as total area or number of members. We argue that current institutional policies focusing on the structure of property right arrangements should be shifted (1) to provide better technology for land cultivation; (2) to reduce the marginality problem in poor communities; and (3) to strengthen local institutions. {\circledC} 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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Factors driving deforestation in common-pool resources in northern Mexico. / Perez-Verdin, Gustavo; Kim, Yeon Su; Hospodarsky, Denver; Tecle, Aregai.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, 01.01.2009, p. 331-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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