EVALUATION OF THE ANTI-INFLAMMATORY CAPACITY OF BETA-SITOSTEROL IN RODENT ASSAYS

Rogelio Paniagua-Pérez, Gabriela Flores-Mondragón, Celia Reyes-Legorreta, Brígida Herrera-López, Isabel Cervantes-Hernández, Osiris Madrigal-Santillán, José Antonio Morales-González, Isela Álvarez-González, Eduardo Madrigal-Bujaidar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Beta-sitosterol (BS) is a compound discovered to be present in numerous plants. A number of interesting biomedical properties have been attributed to BS, including immuno-modulating and anti-inflammatory activities. Therefore, the aim of this report was to evaluate its anti-inflammatory capacity by applying various rodent experimental tests. METHODS: To carry out the objective of the study we applied the methods indicated here. Two of the adopted methods were based on the passive reverse Arthus reaction: the rat paw edema test and the rat pleurisy assay. We also applied two methods related with the non-specific acute inflammation: the mouse ear edema test, and the mouse mieloperoxidase activity assay. RESULTS: The results obtained in all tests established a significant anti-inflammatory potential of BS. In the rat paw edema test we found an inhibitory effect which goes from 50-70%; in the rat pleurisy assay our findings with respect to the volume of pleural exuded showed a reduction of 46%, as well as a 20% low amount of neutrophils in comparison with the level of the control group. In the mouse ear edema test we found a mean inflammatory inhibition of 75%, and with respect to mieloproxidase activity the results showed a significant inhibition induced by the three doses of BS. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study we determined a potent anti-inflammatory capacity of BS in specific and non-specific types of acute inflammation in rodents.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

    Fingerprint

Cite this