Effects of growth conditions on expression of mycobacterial murA and tyrS genes and contributions of their transcripts to precursor rRNA synthesis

J. A. Gonzalez-Y-Merchand, M. J. Colston, R. A. Cox

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Abstract

All mycobacteria studied to date have an rRNA operon, designated rrnA, located downstream from a single copy of the murA gene, which encodes an enzyme (EC 2.5.1.7) important for peptidoglycan synthesis. The rrnA operon has a promoter, P1(A), located within the coding region of murA, near the 3' end. Samples of RNA were isolated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis at different stages of the growth cycle and from Mycobacterium smegmatis grown under different conditions. RNase protection assays were used to investigate transcripts of both murA and rrnA. Transcription of murA was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene, as if murA and rrnA form a hybrid (protein coding-rRNA coding) operon. During the growth of M. tuberculosis, the hybrid operon contributed approximately 2% to total pre-rRNA. Analysis of M. smegmatis RNA revealed that the level of murA RNA depended on the growth rate and that the patterns of expression during the growth cycle were different for murA and rrnA. M. smegmatis has a second rRNA operon, rrnB, located downstream from a single copy of the tyrS gene, encoding tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. Transcription of tyrS was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene rrnB. The hybrid tyrS-rrnB operon contributed 0.2 to 0.6% to rrnB transcripts. The pattern of tyrS expression during the growth cycle matched the pattern of rrnB expression, reflecting the essential role of TyrS and rRNA in protein biosynthesis.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4617-4627
Number of pages4154
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
StatePublished - 1 Aug 1999

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rRNA Operon
RNA Precursors
Mycobacterium smegmatis
Growth
Genes
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase
RNA
Operon
rRNA Genes
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Tyrosine-tRNA Ligase
Peptidoglycan
Protein Biosynthesis
Mycobacterium
Ribonucleases
Enzymes
Proteins

Cite this

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title = "Effects of growth conditions on expression of mycobacterial murA and tyrS genes and contributions of their transcripts to precursor rRNA synthesis",
abstract = "All mycobacteria studied to date have an rRNA operon, designated rrnA, located downstream from a single copy of the murA gene, which encodes an enzyme (EC 2.5.1.7) important for peptidoglycan synthesis. The rrnA operon has a promoter, P1(A), located within the coding region of murA, near the 3' end. Samples of RNA were isolated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis at different stages of the growth cycle and from Mycobacterium smegmatis grown under different conditions. RNase protection assays were used to investigate transcripts of both murA and rrnA. Transcription of murA was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene, as if murA and rrnA form a hybrid (protein coding-rRNA coding) operon. During the growth of M. tuberculosis, the hybrid operon contributed approximately 2{\%} to total pre-rRNA. Analysis of M. smegmatis RNA revealed that the level of murA RNA depended on the growth rate and that the patterns of expression during the growth cycle were different for murA and rrnA. M. smegmatis has a second rRNA operon, rrnB, located downstream from a single copy of the tyrS gene, encoding tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. Transcription of tyrS was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene rrnB. The hybrid tyrS-rrnB operon contributed 0.2 to 0.6{\%} to rrnB transcripts. The pattern of tyrS expression during the growth cycle matched the pattern of rrnB expression, reflecting the essential role of TyrS and rRNA in protein biosynthesis.",
author = "Gonzalez-Y-Merchand, {J. A.} and Colston, {M. J.} and Cox, {R. A.}",
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T1 - Effects of growth conditions on expression of mycobacterial murA and tyrS genes and contributions of their transcripts to precursor rRNA synthesis

AU - Gonzalez-Y-Merchand, J. A.

AU - Colston, M. J.

AU - Cox, R. A.

PY - 1999/8/1

Y1 - 1999/8/1

N2 - All mycobacteria studied to date have an rRNA operon, designated rrnA, located downstream from a single copy of the murA gene, which encodes an enzyme (EC 2.5.1.7) important for peptidoglycan synthesis. The rrnA operon has a promoter, P1(A), located within the coding region of murA, near the 3' end. Samples of RNA were isolated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis at different stages of the growth cycle and from Mycobacterium smegmatis grown under different conditions. RNase protection assays were used to investigate transcripts of both murA and rrnA. Transcription of murA was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene, as if murA and rrnA form a hybrid (protein coding-rRNA coding) operon. During the growth of M. tuberculosis, the hybrid operon contributed approximately 2% to total pre-rRNA. Analysis of M. smegmatis RNA revealed that the level of murA RNA depended on the growth rate and that the patterns of expression during the growth cycle were different for murA and rrnA. M. smegmatis has a second rRNA operon, rrnB, located downstream from a single copy of the tyrS gene, encoding tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. Transcription of tyrS was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene rrnB. The hybrid tyrS-rrnB operon contributed 0.2 to 0.6% to rrnB transcripts. The pattern of tyrS expression during the growth cycle matched the pattern of rrnB expression, reflecting the essential role of TyrS and rRNA in protein biosynthesis.

AB - All mycobacteria studied to date have an rRNA operon, designated rrnA, located downstream from a single copy of the murA gene, which encodes an enzyme (EC 2.5.1.7) important for peptidoglycan synthesis. The rrnA operon has a promoter, P1(A), located within the coding region of murA, near the 3' end. Samples of RNA were isolated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis at different stages of the growth cycle and from Mycobacterium smegmatis grown under different conditions. RNase protection assays were used to investigate transcripts of both murA and rrnA. Transcription of murA was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene, as if murA and rrnA form a hybrid (protein coding-rRNA coding) operon. During the growth of M. tuberculosis, the hybrid operon contributed approximately 2% to total pre-rRNA. Analysis of M. smegmatis RNA revealed that the level of murA RNA depended on the growth rate and that the patterns of expression during the growth cycle were different for murA and rrnA. M. smegmatis has a second rRNA operon, rrnB, located downstream from a single copy of the tyrS gene, encoding tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. Transcription of tyrS was found to continue into the 16S rRNA gene rrnB. The hybrid tyrS-rrnB operon contributed 0.2 to 0.6% to rrnB transcripts. The pattern of tyrS expression during the growth cycle matched the pattern of rrnB expression, reflecting the essential role of TyrS and rRNA in protein biosynthesis.

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