Acute ethanol administration partially inhibits DNA and protein syntheses during liver regeneration (LR) induced by partial hepatectomy (PH) in rats. Previous findings that the magnitude of ethanol's deleterious effects on LR are related to the route and timing of its administration led us to perform studies at the ultrastructural level, comparing ethanol effects on PH-induced LR, as a consequence of its administration route. PH promoted alterations on the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria, accompanied by decreased glycogen and increased lipid content in cytoplasm. Structural nuclear and nucleolar activities were also evident. Intragastric ethanol administration practically abolished the adaptative changes found in PH-promoted regenerating hepatocytes, whereas its administration through the intraperitoneal route induced later ultrastructural modifications, indicating cellular proliferation. These results suggest that ethanol, under certain conditions, could stimulate liver proliferation triggered by PH. The mechanism underlying this surprising effect of ethanol on LR remains to be elucidated. However, it is suggested that an altered ethanol metabolism by rats subjected to PH could be involved.
Morales-González, J. A., Jiménez-García, L. F., Gutiérrez-Salinas, J., Sepúlveda, J., Leija-Salas, A., & Hernández-Muñoz, R. (2001). Effects of ethanol administration on hepatocellular ultrastructure of regenerating liver induced by partial hepatectomy. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 360-369. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005613201809