The removal of phenol compounds (such as phenol (Ph), 4-chlorophenol (4-CPh), and 4-phenolsulfonic acid (4-APS)) was studied using catalytic ozonation and cerium oxide (CeO2) as the catalyst. Conventional ozonation removes 40% and 30% of total organic carbon (TOC) for 4-CPh and 4-APS, respectively. The presence of the catalyst doubled the TOC removal in comparison with ozone alone. Chloride and sulfate ions, detached from the target compounds, did not affect the mineralization degree. The effect of ions was studied by adding NaCl and Na2SO4 during the ozonation of Ph with CeO2 as a catalyst. The O3-CeO2 process was responsible for 89% TOC removal, while the presence of NaCl and Na2SO4 decreased TOC removal by nearly 50%. Ozonation alone only removed 20% of TOC at 120 min with or without inorganic salts. The presence of salts in the Ph ozonation provoked in detrimental effect in comparison when inorganic ions were produced along with the decomposition of 4-CPh and 4-APS.
- 4-phenolsulfonic acid
- cerium oxide